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    Bioelectric Implants And The Evolution Of Transhumanism


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    Post  mudra Thu Aug 09, 2012 2:20 pm

    Bioelectric Implants And The Evolution Of Transhumanism

    Love Always

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    Post  mudra Thu Aug 09, 2012 2:24 pm

    Transhumanism is a philosophy that humanity can, and should, strive to higher levels, both physically, mentally and socially. It encourages research into such areas as life extension, cryonics, nanotechnology, physical and mental enhancements, uploading human consciousness into computers and megascale engineering.

    For those interested in having a clearer idea of what this is all about and making their own mind about it here is a site that covers the subject:

    Transhumanists resources : Arrow

    ( note: I found not all links there are still alive )

    some excerpts from it gleaned here and there :

    Super- and/or Meta-being(s)
    [Node to be completed]

    The integration of human beings will proceed in another dimension than that of human culture, a dimension of depth. We conceive of a realization of cybernetic immortality by means of very advanced human-machine systems, where the border between the organic (brain) and the artificially organic or electronic media (computer) becomes irrelevant. Such hybrid organisms would survive not so much through the biological material of their bodies, but through their cybernetic organization, which may be embodied in a combination of organic tissues, electronic networks, or other media.

    18:How integration may occur

    Should we expect that the whole of humanity will unite into a single super-human being?

    This does not seem likely, if we judge from the history of evolution. Life grows like a pyramid; its top goes up while the basis is widening rather than narrowing. Even though we have seized control of the biosphere, our bodies make up only a small part of the whole biomass. The major part of it is still constituted by unicellular and primitive multicellular organisms, such as plankton. Realization of cybernetic immortality will certainly require some sacrifices --- a vehement drive to develop science, to begin with. It is far from obvious that all people and all communities will wish to integrate into immortal super-beings. The will to immortality, as every human feature, varies widely in human populations. Since the integration we speak about can only be free, only a part of mankind -- probably a small part - should be expected to integrate. The rest will continue to exist in the form of "human plankton".

    19.Integration on the Cosmic scene

    But it is the integrated part of humanity that will ultimately control the Universe. Unintegrated humanity will not be able to compete with the integrated part. This becomes especially clear when we realize that the whole Cosmos, not the planet Earth, will be the battlefield. No cosmic role for the human race is possible without integration. The units that take decisions must be rewarded for those decisions, otherwise they will never take them. Can we imagine "human plankton" crowded in rockets in order to reach a distant star in ten, twenty or fifty generations? Only integrated immortal creatures can conquer the outer space.

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    Post  mudra Wed Jun 05, 2013 3:52 am

    The Artilect War

    by Hugo De Garis
    Professor, former director of the Artificial Brain lab

    Will massively intelligent machines replace human beings as the dominant species in the next few decades ?

    Love Always
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    Post  mudra Tue Jun 25, 2013 6:31 am

    This is what the world will look like in 2045

    "It's not so hard to predict the future, but it's sometimes hard to connect the dots." In the opening of his lecture to the Global Futures 2045 Congress , famed geneticist Dr. George Church neatly summed up what being a futurist is all about, though he was reminding the audience rather than the other speakers assembled at Alice Tully Hall in New York City this past weekend. Gathered there by a young Russian tech tycoon  on a mission to do nothing less than achieve immortality through technology, a who's-who of renowned technologists, scientists, futurists, and entrepreneurs painted a sometimes terrifying, sometimes electrifying picture of what the world is going to look like in the decades to come, describing how technology is going to drastically alter economies, biologies, and perhaps even consciousness itself.
    Global Futures 2045 is organized annually (this was the second) by the 2045 Initiative and its founder, Russian tech entrepreneur Dmitry Itskov , who at 32 years of age has turned his vast financial resources and dogged determination toward understanding and conquering some of the 21st century's most challenging and exciting frontiers, including human consciousness, brain-machine interfaces, and the integration of biology and technology. The ultimate goal of Itskov's Avatar Project (part of the 2045 Initiative) is to free humankind from the limitations imposed on it by the body, first by figuring out how to remove the brain (and the conscious self) from the body and keep it alive in a robotic surrogate, and ultimately how to upload the mind -- consciousness and all -- to a computer. The deadline for delivering this kind of digital immortality: 2045.
    If all that sounds like a fantasy, consider Itskov's colleagues: Speakers at Global Futures 2045 included Church (who pioneered the first truly effective gene sequencing techniques and helped initiate the Human Genome Project), inventor-futurist Ray Kurzweil (now engineering chief at Google), X-PRIZE Foundation founder and far-out tech entrepreneur Dr. Peter H. Diamandis (current project: asteroid mining), and legendary computer technologist Dr. James Martin, who shares a name with the Oxford Martin School at Oxford University (and not by happenstance). And while speaking doesn't imply blanket endorsement of the Avatar Project and its lofty aims, this roll call of renowned speakers certainly lends Global Futures 2045 some intellectual heft.


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    Post  Brook Tue Jun 25, 2013 7:36 am

    The technological Singularity:

    I'm going to copy the whole thing here as it's relevant to the coming Trans-humanist movement.  And fear's coming. 

    The Coming Technological Singularity:

    How to Survive in the Post-Human Era

    Vernor Vinge
    Department of Mathematical Sciences
    San Diego State University

    (c) 1993 by Vernor Vinge

    (Verbatim copying/translation and distribution of this
    entire article is permitted in any medium, provided this
    notice is preserved.)

    This article was for the VISION-21 Symposium
    sponsored by NASA Lewis Research Center
    and the Ohio Aerospace Institute, March 30-31, 1993.
    It is also retrievable from the NASA technical reports
    server as part of NASA CP-10129.
    A slightly changed version appeared in the
    Winter 1993 issue of _Whole Earth Review_.


    Within thirty years, we will have the technological
    means to create superhuman intelligence. Shortly after,
    the human era will be ended.

    Is such progress avoidable? If not to be avoided, can
    events be guided so that we may survive? These questions
    are investigated. Some possible answers (and some further
    dangers) are presented.

    _What is The Singularity?_

    The acceleration of technological progress has been the central
    feature of this century. I argue in this paper that we are on the edge
    of change comparable to the rise of human life on Earth. The precise
    cause of this change is the imminent creation by technology of
    entities with greater than human intelligence. There are several means
    by which science may achieve this breakthrough (and this is another
    reason for having confidence that the event will occur):
    o The development of computers that are "awake" and
    superhumanly intelligent. (To date, most controversy in the
    area of AI relates to whether we can create human equivalence
    in a machine. But if the answer is "yes, we can", then there
    is little doubt that beings more intelligent can be constructed
    shortly thereafter.
    o Large computer networks (and their associated users) may "wake
    up" as a superhumanly intelligent entity.
    o Computer/human interfaces may become so intimate that users
    may reasonably be considered superhumanly intelligent.
    o Biological science may find ways to improve upon the natural
    human intellect.

    The first three possibilities depend in large part on
    improvements in computer hardware. Progress in computer hardware has
    followed an amazingly steady curve in the last few decades [16]. Based
    largely on this trend, I believe that the creation of greater than
    human intelligence will occur during the next thirty years. (Charles
    Platt [19] has pointed out the AI enthusiasts have been making claims
    like this for the last thirty years. Just so I'm not guilty of a
    relative-time ambiguity, let me more specific: I'll be surprised if
    this event occurs before 2005 or after 2030.)

    What are the consequences of this event? When greater-than-human
    intelligence drives progress, that progress will be much more rapid.
    In fact, there seems no reason why progress itself would not involve
    the creation of still more intelligent entities -- on a still-shorter
    time scale. The best analogy that I see is with the evolutionary past:
    Animals can adapt to problems and make inventions, but often no faster
    than natural selection can do its work -- the world acts as its own
    simulator in the case of natural selection. We humans have the ability
    to internalize the world and conduct "what if's" in our heads; we can
    solve many problems thousands of times faster than natural selection.
    Now, by creating the means to execute those simulations at much higher
    speeds, we are entering a regime as radically different from our human
    past as we humans are from the lower animals.

    From the human point of view this change will be a throwing away
    of all the previous rules, perhaps in the blink of an eye, an
    exponential runaway beyond any hope of control. Developments that
    before were thought might only happen in "a million years" (if ever)
    will likely happen in the next century. (In [4], Greg Bear paints a
    picture of the major changes happening in a matter of hours.)

    I think it's fair to call this event a singularity ("the
    Singularity" for the purposes of this paper). It is a point where our
    models must be discarded and a new reality rules. As we move closer
    and closer to this point, it will loom vaster and vaster over human
    affairs till the notion becomes a commonplace. Yet when it finally
    happens it may still be a great surprise and a greater unknown. In
    the 1950s there were very few who saw it: Stan Ulam [27] paraphrased
    John von Neumann as saying:

    One conversation centered on the ever accelerating progress of
    technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the
    appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the
    history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them,
    could not continue.

    Von Neumann even uses the term singularity, though it appears he
    is still thinking of normal progress, not the creation of superhuman
    intellect. (For me, the superhumanity is the essence of the
    Singularity. Without that we would get a glut of technical riches,
    never properly absorbed (see [24]).)

    In the 1960s there was recognition of some of the implications of
    superhuman intelligence. I. J. Good wrote [10]:

    Let an ultraintelligent machine be defined as a machine
    that can far surpass all the intellectual activities of any
    any man however clever. Since the design of machines is one of
    these intellectual activities, an ultraintelligent machine could
    design even better machines; there would then unquestionably
    be an "intelligence explosion," and the intelligence of man
    would be left far behind. Thus the first ultraintelligent
    machine is the _last_ invention that man need ever make,
    provided that the machine is docile enough to tell us how to
    keep it under control.
    It is more probable than not that, within the twentieth century,
    an ultraintelligent machine will be built and that it will be
    the last invention that man need make.

    Good has captured the essence of the runaway, but does not pursue
    its most disturbing consequences. Any intelligent machine of the sort
    he describes would not be humankind's "tool" -- any more than humans
    are the tools of rabbits or robins or chimpanzees.

    Through the '60s and '70s and '80s, recognition of the cataclysm
    spread [28] [1] [30] [4]. Perhaps it was the science-fiction writers
    who felt the first concrete impact. After all, the "hard"
    science-fiction writers are the ones who try to write specific stories
    about all that technology may do for us. More and more, these writers
    felt an opaque wall across the future. Once, they could put such
    fantasies millions of years in the future [23]. Now they saw that
    their most diligent extrapolations resulted in the unknowable ...
    soon. Once, galactic empires might have seemed a Post-Human domain.
    Now, sadly, even interplanetary ones are.

    What about the '90s and the '00s and the '10s, as we slide toward
    the edge? How will the approach of the Singularity spread across the
    human world view? For a while yet, the general critics of machine
    sapience will have good press. After all, till we have hardware as
    powerful as a human brain it is probably foolish to think we'll be
    able to create human equivalent (or greater) intelligence. (There is
    the far-fetched possibility that we could make a human equivalent out
    of less powerful hardware, if were willing to give up speed, if we
    were willing to settle for an artificial being who was literally slow
    [29]. But it's much more likely that devising the software will be a
    tricky process, involving lots of false starts and experimentation. If
    so, then the arrival of self-aware machines will not happen till after
    the development of hardware that is substantially more powerful than
    humans' natural equipment.)

    But as time passes, we should see more symptoms. The dilemma felt
    by science fiction writers will be perceived in other creative
    endeavors. (I have heard thoughtful comic book writers worry about
    how to have spectacular effects when everything visible can be
    produced by the technically commonplace.) We will see automation
    replacing higher and higher level jobs. We have tools right now
    (symbolic math programs, cad/cam) that release us from most low-level
    drudgery. Or put another way: The work that is truly productive is the
    domain of a steadily smaller and more elite fraction of humanity. In
    the coming of the Singularity, we are seeing the predictions of _true_
    technological unemployment finally come true.

    Another symptom of progress toward the Singularity: ideas
    themselves should spread ever faster, and even the most radical will
    quickly become commonplace. When I began writing, it seemed very easy
    to come up with ideas that took decades to percolate into the cultural
    consciousness; now the lead time seems more like eighteen months. (Of
    course, this could just be me losing my imagination as I get old, but
    I see the effect in others too.) Like the shock in a compressible
    flow, the Singularity moves closer as we accelerate through the
    critical speed.

    And what of the arrival of the Singularity itself? What can be
    said of its actual appearance? Since it involves an intellectual
    runaway, it will probably occur faster than any technical revolution
    seen so far. The precipitating event will likely be unexpected --
    perhaps even to the researchers involved. ("But all our previous
    models were catatonic! We were just tweaking some parameters....") If
    networking is widespread enough (into ubiquitous embedded systems), it
    may seem as if our artifacts as a whole had suddenly wakened.

    And what happens a month or two (or a day or two) after that? I
    have only analogies to point to: The rise of humankind. We will be in
    the Post-Human era. And for all my rampant technological optimism,
    sometimes I think I'd be more comfortable if I were regarding these
    transcendental events from one thousand years remove ... instead of

    _Can the Singularity be Avoided?_

    Well, maybe it won't happen at all: Sometimes I try to imagine
    the symptoms that we should expect to see if the Singularity is not to
    develop. There are the widely respected arguments of Penrose [18] and
    Searle [21] against the practicality of machine sapience. In August
    of 1992, Thinking Machines Corporation held a workshop to investigate
    the question "How We Will Build a Machine that Thinks" [Thearling]. As
    you might guess from the workshop's title, the participants were not
    especially supportive of the arguments against machine intelligence.
    In fact, there was general agreement that minds can exist on
    nonbiological substrates and that algorithms are of central importance
    to the existence of minds. However, there was much debate about the
    raw hardware power that is present in organic brains. A minority felt
    that the largest 1992 computers were within three orders of magnitude
    of the power of the human brain. The majority of the participants
    agreed with Moravec's estimate [16] that we are ten to forty years
    away from hardware parity. And yet there was another minority who
    pointed to [6] [20], and conjectured that the computational competence
    of single neurons may be far higher than generally believed. If so,
    our present computer hardware might be as much as _ten_ orders of
    magnitude short of the equipment we carry around in our heads. If this
    is true (or for that matter, if the Penrose or Searle critique is
    valid), we might never see a Singularity. Instead, in the early '00s
    we would find our hardware performance curves begin to level off --
    this caused by our inability to automate the complexity of the design
    work necessary to support the hardware trend curves. We'd end up with
    some _very_ powerful hardware, but without the ability to push it
    further. Commercial digital signal processing might be awesome,
    giving an analog appearance even to digital operations, but nothing
    would ever "wake up" and there would never be the intellectual runaway
    which is the essence of the Singularity. It would likely be seen as a
    golden age ... and it would also be an end of progress. This is very
    like the future predicted by Gunther Stent. In fact, on page 137 of
    [24], Stent explicitly cites the development of transhuman
    intelligence as a sufficient condition to break his projections.

    But if the technological Singularity can happen, it will. Even
    if all the governments of the world were to understand the "threat"
    and be in deadly fear of it, progress toward the goal would continue.
    In fiction, there have been stories of laws passed forbidding the
    construction of "a machine in the form of the mind of man" [12]. In
    fact, the competitive advantage -- economic, military, even artistic
    -- of every advance in automation is so compelling that passing laws,
    or having customs, that forbid such things merely assures that someone
    else will get them first.

    Eric Drexler [7] has provided spectacular insight about how far
    technical improvement may go. He agrees that superhuman intelligences
    will be available in the near future -- and that such entities pose a
    threat to the human status quo. But Drexler argues that we can embed
    such transhuman devices in rules or physical confinement such that
    their results can be examined and used safely. This is I. J. Good's
    ultraintelligent machine, with a dose of caution. I argue that
    confinement is intrinsically impractical. For the case of physical
    confinement: Imagine yourself confined to your house with only limited
    data access to the outside, to your masters. If those masters thought
    at a rate -- say -- one million times slower than you, there is little
    doubt that over a period of years (your time) you could come up with
    "helpful advice" that would incidentally set you free. (I call this
    "fast thinking" form of superintelligence "weak superhumanity". Such a
    "weakly superhuman" entity would probably burn out in a few weeks of
    outside time. "Strong superhumanity" would be more than cranking up
    the clock speed on a human-equivalent mind. It's hard to say
    precisely what "strong superhumanity" would be like, but the
    difference appears to be profound. Imagine running a dog mind at very
    high speed. Would a thousand years of doggy living add up to any human
    insight? (Now if the dog mind were cleverly rewired and _then_ run at
    high speed, we might see something different....) Most speculations
    about superintelligence seem to be based on the weakly superhuman
    model. I believe that our best guesses about the post-Singularity
    world can be obtained by thinking on the nature of strong
    superhumanity. I will return to this point later in the paper.)

    The other approach to Drexlerian confinement is to build _rules_
    into the mind of the created superhuman entity (Asimov's Laws). I
    think that performance rules strict enough to be safe would also
    produce a device whose ability was clearly inferior to the unfettered
    versions (and so human competition would favor the development of the
    those more dangerous models). Still, the Asimov dream is a wonderful
    one: Imagine a willing slave, who has 1000 times your capabilities in
    every way. Imagine a creature who could satisfy your every safe wish
    (whatever that means) and still have 99.9% of its time free for other
    activities. There would be a new universe we never really understood,
    but filled with benevolent gods (though one of _my_ wishes might be to
    become one of them).

    If the Singularity can not be prevented or confined, just how bad

    could the Post-Human era be? Well ... pretty bad. The physical

    extinction of the human race is one possibility. (Or as Eric Drexler

    put it of nanotechnology: Given all that such technology can do,

    perhaps governments would simply decide that they no longer need

    citizens!). Yet physical extinction may not be the scariest

    possibility. Again, analogies: Think of the different ways we relate

    to animals. Some of the crude physical abuses are implausible, yet....

    In a Post-Human world there would still be plenty of niches where

    human equivalent automation would be desirable: embedded systems in

    autonomous devices, self-aware daemons in the lower functioning of

    larger sentients. (A strongly superhuman intelligence would likely be

    a Society of Mind [15] with some very competent components.) Some

    of these human equivalents might be used for nothing more than digital

    signal processing. They would be more like whales than humans. Others

    might be very human-like, yet with a one-sidedness, a _dedication_

    that would put them in a mental hospital in our era. Though none of

    these creatures might be flesh-and-blood humans, they might be the

    closest things in the new enviroment to what we call human now. (I. J.

    Good had something to say about this, though at this late date the

    advice may be moot: Good [11] proposed a "Meta-Golden Rule",

    which might be paraphrased as "Treat your inferiors as you would be

    treated by your superiors." It's a wonderful, paradoxical idea (and

    most of my friends don't believe it) since the game-theoretic payoff

    is so hard to articulate. Yet if we were able to follow it, in some

    sense that might say something about the plausibility of such kindness

    in this universe.)

    I have argued above that we cannot prevent the Singularity,

    that its coming is an inevitable consequence of the humans' natural

    competitiveness and the possibilities inherent in technology. And yet

    ... we are the initiators. Even the largest avalanche is triggered by

    small things. We have the freedom to establish initial conditions,

    make things happen in ways that are less inimical than others. Of

    course (as with starting avalanches), it may not be clear what the

    right guiding nudge really is:

    _Other Paths to the Singularity: Intelligence Amplification_

    When people speak of creating superhumanly intelligent beings,
    they are usually imagining an AI project. But as I noted at the
    beginning of this paper, there are other paths to superhumanity.
    Computer networks and human-computer interfaces seem more mundane than
    AI, and yet they could lead to the Singularity. I call this
    contrasting approach Intelligence Amplification (IA). IA is something
    that is proceeding very naturally, in most cases not even recognized
    by its developers for what it is. But every time our ability to access
    information and to communicate it to others is improved, in some sense
    we have achieved an increase over natural intelligence. Even now, the
    team of a PhD human and good computer workstation (even an off-net
    workstation!) could probably max any written intelligence test in

    And it's very likely that IA is a much easier road to the
    achievement of superhumanity than pure AI. In humans, the hardest
    development problems have already been solved. Building up from within
    ourselves ought to be easier than figuring out first what we really
    are and then building machines that are all of that. And there is at
    least conjectural precedent for this approach. Cairns-Smith [5] has
    speculated that biological life may have begun as an adjunct to still
    more primitive life based on crystalline growth. Lynn Margulis [14]
    has made strong arguments for the view that mutualism is the great
    driving force in evolution.

    Note that I am not proposing that AI research be ignored or less
    funded. What goes on with AI will often have applications in IA, and
    vice versa. I am suggesting that we recognize that in network and
    interface research there is something as profound (and potential wild)
    as Artificial Intelligence. With that insight, we may see projects
    that are not as directly applicable as conventional interface and
    network design work, but which serve to advance us toward the
    Singularity along the IA path.

    Here are some possible projects that take on special
    significance, given the IA point of view:

    o Human/computer team automation: Take problems that are normally
    considered for purely machine solution (like hill-climbing
    problems), and design programs and interfaces that take a
    advantage of humans' intuition and available computer hardware.
    Considering all the bizarreness of higher dimensional
    hill-climbing problems (and the neat algorithms that have been
    devised for their solution), there could be some very interesting
    displays and control tools provided to the human team member.
    o Develop human/computer symbiosis in art: Combine the graphic
    generation capability of modern machines and the esthetic
    sensibility of humans. Of course, there has been an enormous
    amount of research in designing computer aids for artists, as
    labor saving tools. I'm suggesting that we explicitly aim for a
    greater merging of competence, that we explicitly recognize the
    cooperative approach that is possible. Karl Sims [22] has done
    wonderful work in this direction.
    o Allow human/computer teams at chess tournaments. We already
    have programs that can play better than almost all humans. But
    how much work has been done on how this power could be used by a
    human, to get something even better? If such teams were allowed
    in at least some chess tournaments, it could have the positive
    effect on IA research that allowing computers in tournaments had
    for the corresponding niche in AI.
    o Develop interfaces that allow computer and network access without
    requiring the human to be tied to one spot, sitting in front of a
    computer. (This is an aspect of IA that fits so well with known
    economic advantages that lots of effort is already being spent on
    o Develop more symmetrical decision support systems. A popular
    research/product area in recent years has been decision support
    systems. This is a form of IA, but may be too focused on
    systems that are oracular. As much as the program giving the user
    information, there must be the idea of the user giving the
    program guidance.
    o Use local area nets to make human teams that really work (ie,
    are more effective than their component members). This is
    generally the area of "groupware", already a very popular
    commercial pursuit. The change in viewpoint here would be to
    regard the group activity as a combination organism. In one
    sense, this suggestion might be regarded as the goal of inventing
    a "Rules of Order" for such combination operations. For instance,
    group focus might be more easily maintained than in classical
    meetings. Expertise of individual human members could be isolated
    from ego issues such that the contribution of different members
    is focussed on the team project. And of course shared data bases
    could be used much more conveniently than in conventional
    committee operations. (Note that this suggestion is aimed at team
    operations rather than political meetings. In a political
    setting, the automation described above would simply enforce the
    power of the persons making the rules!)
    o Exploit the worldwide Internet as a combination human/machine
    tool. Of all the items on the list, progress in this is
    proceeding the fastest and may run us into the Singularity before
    anything else. The power and influence of even the present-day
    Internet is vastly underestimated. For instance, I think our
    contemporary computer systems would break under the weight of
    their own complexity if it weren't for the edge that the USENET
    "group mind" gives the system administration and support people!)
    The very anarchy of the worldwide net development is evidence of
    its potential. As connectivity and bandwidth and archive size and
    computer speed all increase, we are seeing something like Lynn
    Margulis' [14] vision of the biosphere as data processor
    recapitulated, but at a million times greater speed and with
    millions of humanly intelligent agents (ourselves).

    The above examples illustrate research that can be done within
    the context of contemporary computer science departments. There are
    other paradigms. For example, much of the work in Artificial
    Intelligence and neural nets would benefit from a closer connection
    with biological life. Instead of simply trying to model and understand
    biological life with computers, research could be directed toward the
    creation of composite systems that rely on biological life for
    guidance or for the providing features we don't understand well enough
    yet to implement in hardware. A long-time dream of science-fiction has
    been direct brain to computer interfaces [2] [28]. In fact, there is
    concrete work that can be done (and has been done) in this area:
    o Limb prosthetics is a topic of direct commercial applicability.
    Nerve to silicon transducers can be made [13]. This is an
    exciting, near-term step toward direct communication.
    o Similar direct links into brains may be feasible, if the bit
    rate is low: given human learning flexibility, the actual
    brain neuron targets might not have to be precisely selected.
    Even 100 bits per second would be of great use to stroke
    victims who would otherwise be confined to menu-driven
    o Plugging in to the optic trunk has the potential for bandwidths
    of 1 Mbit/second or so. But for this, we need to know the
    fine-scale architecture of vision, and we need to place an
    enormous web of electrodes with exquisite precision. If we want
    our high bandwidth connection to be _in addition_ to what paths
    are already present in the brain, the problem becomes vastly more
    intractable. Just sticking a grid of high-bandwidth receivers
    into a brain certainly won't do it. But suppose that the
    high-bandwidth grid were present while the brain structure was
    actually setting up, as the embryo develops. That suggests:
    o Animal embryo experiments. I wouldn't expect any IA success
    in the first years of such research, but giving developing brains
    access to complex simulated neural structures might be very
    interesting to the people who study how the embryonic brain
    develops. In the long run, such experiments might produce
    animals with additional sense paths and interesting intellectual

    Originally, I had hoped that this discussion of IA would yield
    some clearly safer approaches to the Singularity. (After all, IA
    allows our participation in a kind of transcendence.) Alas, looking
    back over these IA proposals, about all I am sure of is that they
    should be considered, that they may give us more options. But as for
    safety ... well, some of the suggestions are a little scarey on their
    face. One of my informal reviewers pointed out that IA for individual
    humans creates a rather sinister elite. We humans have millions of
    years of evolutionary baggage that makes us regard competition in a
    deadly light. Much of that deadliness may not be necessary in today's
    world, one where losers take on the winners' tricks and are coopted
    into the winners' enterprises. A creature that was built _de novo_
    might possibly be a much more benign entity than one with a kernel
    based on fang and talon. And even the egalitarian view of an Internet
    that wakes up along with all mankind can be viewed as a nightmare

    The problem is not that the Singularity represents simply the

    passing of humankind from center stage, but that it contradicts some

    of our most deeply held notions of being. I think a closer look at the

    notion of strong superhumanity can show why that is.

    _Strong Superhumanity and the Best We Can Ask for_

    Suppose we could tailor the Singularity. Suppose we could attain
    our most extravagant hopes. What then would we ask for:
    That humans themselves would become their own successors, that
    whatever injustice occurs would be tempered by our knowledge of our
    roots. For those who remained unaltered, the goal would be benign
    treatment (perhaps even giving the stay-behinds the appearance of
    being masters of godlike slaves). It could be a golden age that also
    involved progress (overleaping Stent's barrier). Immortality (or at
    least a lifetime as long as we can make the universe survive [9]
    [3]) would be achievable.

    But in this brightest and kindest world, the philosophical
    problems themselves become intimidating. A mind that stays at the same
    capacity cannot live forever; after a few thousand years it would look
    more like a repeating tape loop than a person. (The most chilling
    picture I have seen of this is in .) To live indefinitely long,
    the mind itself must grow ... and when it becomes great enough, and
    looks back ... what fellow-feeling can it have with the soul that it
    was originally? Certainly the later being would be everything the
    original was, but so much vastly more. And so even for the individual,
    the Cairns-Smith (or Lynn Margulis) notion of new life growing
    incrementally out of the old must still be valid.

    This "problem" about immortality comes up in much more direct

    ways. The notion of ego and self-awareness has been the bedrock of

    the hardheaded rationalism of the last few centuries. Yet now the

    notion of self-awareness is under attack from the Artificial

    Intelligence people ("self-awareness and other delusions").

    Intelligence Amplification undercuts the importance of ego from

    another direction. The post-Singularity world will involve extremely

    high-bandwidth networking. A central feature of strongly superhuman

    entities will likely be their ability to communicate at variable

    bandwidths, including ones far higher than speech or written messages.

    What happens when pieces of ego can be copied and merged, when the

    size of a selfawareness can grow or shrink to fit the nature of the

    problems under consideration? These are essential features of strong

    superhumanity and the Singularity. Thinking about them, one begins to

    feel how essentially strange and different the Post-Human era will be

    -- _no matter how cleverly and benignly it is brought to be_.

    From one angle, the vision fits many of our happiest dreams:
    a place unending, where we can truly know one another and understand
    the deepest mysteries. From another angle, it's a lot like the worst
    case scenario I imagined earlier in this paper.

    Which is the valid viewpoint? In fact, I think the new era is
    simply too different to fit into the classical frame of good and
    evil. That frame is based on the idea of isolated, immutable minds
    connected by tenuous, low-bandwith links. But the post-Singularity
    world _does_ fit with the larger tradition of change and cooperation
    that started long ago (perhaps even before the rise of biological
    life). I think there _are_ notions of ethics that would apply in such
    an era. Research into IA and high-bandwidth communications should
    improve this understanding. I see just the glimmerings of this now,
    in Good's Meta-Golden Rule, perhaps in rules for distinguishing self
    from others on the basis of bandwidth of connection. And while mind
    and self will be vastly more labile than in the past, much of what we
    value (knowledge, memory, thought) need never be lost. I think
    Freeman Dyson has it right when he says [8]: "God is what mind becomes
    when it has passed beyond the scale of our comprehension."

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    Post  Brook Tue Jun 25, 2013 8:10 am

    Project Blue Brain... a project and a documentary

    Note: year one, year two, year three....etc

    Building a brain model


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    Post  Brook Tue Jun 25, 2013 8:33 am

    Cryonics – a reasoned choice of a modern man

    Cryonics is the practice of preserving the body or head / brain of human after legal death in a state of deep freeze, with a view to his recovery and cure (including the effects of aging) in the future, when medical and other technologies allow it.

    Most people, living in the present, have a chance to radical life extension, even if they... die. The reliability of this assertion is easy to understand, if we combine scientific facts, real possibilities of modern cryonics and reasonable assumption on the prospects of technologies.

    Bioelectric Implants And The Evolution Of Transhumanism Butterfly-kriorus-main-183px

    Facts: at very low temperatures chemical and biological processes, including processes of decay, are ternimated. Thousands of people are born each year from frozen semen and embryos. Some animals, such as the larvae of butterflies and caterpillars, polar worms, Tardigrada, insects survive even in liquid nitrogen and come back to life after thawing.
    Possibilities: recently deceased people can be even now preserved at very low temperatures in containers with dry ice or liquid nitrogen cryostats without a slightest damage for indefinitely long time.

    Prospects: in the near future, with the use of nanotechnology , and other technologies - like growing bodies and brain simulation, аny damage to the human body can be corrected, including damage which caused the death, signs of aging and damage caused by freezing.

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    Post  Brook Tue Jun 25, 2013 8:35 am

    Synthetic genomics combines methods for the chemical synthesis of DNA with computational techniques to design it. These methods allow scientists and engineers to construct genetic material that would be impossible or impractical to produce using more conventional biotechnological approaches. For example, using synthetic genomics it is possible to design and assemble chromosomes, genes and gene pathways, and even whole genomes.
    Scientists foresee many potential positive applications including new pharmaceuticals, biologically produced ("green") fuels, and the possibility of rapidly generating vaccines against emerging microbial diseases.

    However, as with many technologies, there is the potential for misuse and accidents. Finding ways to mitigate possible nefarious uses and to prevent accidents in the laboratories of legitimate users so that positive uses are not undercut is an important concern of scientists, governments, and a large variety of stakeholders.

    This report is the result of a 20-month examination of the safety and security concerns posed by this new technology. Including the authors, a core group of 18 individuals with a wide range of expertise undertook three tasks: assess the current state of the technology, identify potential risks and benefits to society, and formulate options for its governance. The report discusses options that would help to enhance biosecurity, foster laboratory safety, and protect the communities and environment outside of laboratories. Three sets of options apply respectively to commercial firms that supply DNA; the oversight or regulation of DNA synthesizers and reagent used in synthesis; and the legitimate users of the technologies, such as university researchers.
    Bioelectric Implants And The Evolution Of Transhumanism Smile_coffee

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    Post  mudra Tue Jun 25, 2013 4:19 pm

    Thank you for all the additionnal infos Brook

    Bioelectric Implants And The Evolution Of Transhumanism Ray-kurzweil-singularite

    Transcendent Man film trailer

    Bioelectric Implants And The Evolution Of Transhumanism Watch?v=ntY01qoIdus

    Love Always

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    Post  Emme Thu Jun 27, 2013 10:21 pm

    What about the transcendent wo-man?
    Now finalized FOX television series FRINGE - Season 5 Episode 11 -
    explains the Observer characters cloned cyborg origins - eugenics - suggests no females necessary in future.

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    Post  Brook Thu Jul 04, 2013 11:58 am

    A Conceptual Framework

    By Douglas C. Engelbart
    October 1962

    SRI Summary Report AFOSR-3223 • Prepared for: Director of Information Sciences, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Washington 25, DC, Contract AF 49(638)-1024 • SRI Project No. 3578 (AUGMENT,3906,).
    Click here for scan of the original printed report (pdf)


    I strongly recommend reading this PDF....particularly section II....WOW!

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    Post  Emme Wed Jul 10, 2013 9:53 pm

    Transhuman Agenda - Chemtrails are Nanotech

    Do chemtrails consist of bionanotechnology, or smart dust, designed to guide humans into a state of posthumanism?


    The following excerpt is from a self-described targeted individual's website tying geoengineering to transhumanism.

    In order to program a normal laptop computer you need an API. Application Programming Interface. This is simply how to talk to the computer so a programmer can tell it to do things, like read a DVD, recognize mouse movement, etc. A BioAPI is exactly the same thing, except interfacing with your body parts (more accurately your neurons and synapses which control your body and mind) instead of computer hardware. Also known as wetware, essentially the BioAPI in you consists of nano-implants. These implants are required because it's simply not possible to influence, communicate or control any part of your body or mind with classical methods as a quantum signal has nothing to talk to, hence the requirement of a middleware (the nano-implants).

    To summarize - chemtrails spray the entire planet with nano-fibers which you breathe in. These fibers contain (nano & micro) components which construct and install nano-implants which the aggregate of constitutes what is commonly known as a Biological Application Programming Interface allowing for the complete monitoring, control and extension of all body and mind functions in a given host (you, and everyone on the entire planet). You are the base model surrogate.

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    Post  Brook Fri Jul 19, 2013 10:01 am

    Cyborgs coming:

    Neural Dust: An Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution
    for Chronic Brain-Machine Interfaces

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    Post  Emme Sat Jul 20, 2013 4:18 pm

    Brook wrote: Cyborgs coming:

    Neural Dust: An Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution
    for Chronic Brain-Machine Interfaces

    This article describes your second reference.

    Literal Smart Dust Opens Brain-Computer Pathway to "Spy on Your Brain"

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    Post  Brook Sun Jul 21, 2013 12:32 pm

    Emme wrote:
    Brook wrote: Cyborgs coming:

    Neural Dust: An Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution
    for Chronic Brain-Machine Interfaces

    This article describes your second reference.

    Literal Smart Dust Opens Brain-Computer Pathway to "Spy on Your Brain"

    Good Find Emma!  Naughty

    Noting this from the article:

    The investment in neuroscience has received a $100 million dollar commitment via Obama's BRAIN project, while Europe has committed $1.3 billion to build a supercomputer replica of the brain in a similarly comprehensive and detailed fashion as the Human Genome Project mapped DNA.

    I'm either very naive or simply stupid....but this to me is rather scary.  Huh ?

    On that note, I just gotta play a tune


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    Post  Emme Mon Aug 05, 2013 10:58 pm

    Featured on Icke -

    From Chemtrails to Pseudo-Life: The Dark
    Agenda of Synthetic Biology

    Chemtrails - Conspiracy Con 2011 | Sofia Smallstorm

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    Post  Mercuriel Sun Oct 06, 2013 7:01 pm



    Peace, Light, Love, Harmony and Unity...

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    Post  mudra Wed Jan 08, 2014 2:35 pm

    Will You Swallow Google's Edible Microchip?

    Love Always

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    Post  Jenetta Mon Feb 17, 2014 12:27 am

    (Personal Note):  It is a fine and dandy thing to become a transcendant man or woman aka superhuman, however if all this is accomplished without retaining our humanity, it will be the end of the human era.

    (Excerpt) The European Coalition Against Covert Harassment estimates that more than 80% of the population has already been infected with nano-technology, via chemtrails, vaccines, and dental procedures, to control our minds and behavior. The ECACH has already put forth a document to the EU Parliament requesting the cessation of:

       “. . . weapons systems operating on new physics principles used to torture or inflict other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment including electronic weapons, electromagnetic weapons, magnetic weapons, directed energy weapons, geophysical weapons, wave-energy weapons, frequency weapons, genetic weapons, scalar weapons, psychotronic weapons, chemtrail aerosol weapons, implant weapons, nanotechnology weapons, high frequency active aural high altitude ultra low frequency weapons,[and] information technology weapons.”

    Nano-Bots, Mind Control & Trans-Humanism – The Future of Consciousness?

    February 13/2014

    Christina Sarich, Staff Writer
    Waking Times

    Personal Note:  This article is a wake-up call

    As it is below; so it is above

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    Post  magamud Mon Feb 24, 2014 3:56 pm

    There is no stopping the singular A.I. from infusing with us. I suspect the massive radiation is due to increase the platform for genetic mutation. It's as if chemicals are a very good tell of where the human collective is on the planet. I don't think we had any chance. We are adhd, and triaging survival constantly. The quickness of time creates a strong polarization during the harvest.

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    Post  Brook Fri May 16, 2014 11:58 am

    Scientists Create First Life-Form With Man-Made Genetic Code

    By adding two genetic units to the DNA of E. coli bacteria, U.S. scientists have created an alien organism capable of producing new types of proteins.


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    Post  mudra Sun May 25, 2014 7:15 am

    Inspired by Terminator’: Scientists create self-assembling bionic particles

    The world took one significant step closer to inventing a real-life cybernetic organism as US scientists, inspired by the Terminator movie, combined organic matter with semiconductors in a process that replicates plants’ transformation of light into fuel.

    The breakthrough is quite significant, scientists at universities in Michigan and Pittsburgh believe. Their blend of a chemical used in solar panels and a plant protein that acts during photosynthesis “recreate the process that allows plants to turn sunlight into fuel,” the Michigan press-release cites the team as saying.

    “Human endeavors to transform the energy of sunlight into biofuels using either artificial materials or whole organisms have low efficiency," Nicholas Kotov, Florence B. Cejka Professor of Engineering at the University of Michigan and leader of the study explained.

    But what he and his peers have accomplished with their bionic approach is a true step forward, as it combines two of the most important features of its components – the strength of inorganic materials – which convert light into electronic energy – with biological molecules, whose chemical attributes bring those mechanical processes to life.

    The components are, respectably, cadmium telluride and cytochrome C. The semiconductor drinks in the sunlight and turns it into an electron, while the cytochrome C transports that electron in a process of photosynthesis.

    The nanoparticles and molecules function together by exchanging electrons. And since the closer the two are, the better, the research team decided to combine the two into a single organism with the ability to act on its own and create particles that turn themselves into super-particles with own functions.

    "We merged biological and inorganic in a way that leverages the attributes of both to get something better than either alone," said U-M's Sharon Glotzer, the Stuart W. Churchill Professor of Chemical Engineering, who led the simulations.

    read on: Arrow

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    Post  mudra Thu May 29, 2014 4:03 am

    Brain implants could ease growing PTSD epidemic among US service members

    A new five-year program launched by DARPA hopes to one day help treat a range of psychiatric conditions, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), using brain implant technology.

    The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA, has officially announced a $70 million project that could produce technology to combat depression, anxiety, and other common conditions found among US service members that have seen combat in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    "We've seen far too many times where military personnel have neuropsychiatric disorders and there's very few options," Justin Sanchez, a program manager with DARPA, told NPR.

    Researchers at the University of California San Francisco, along with Massachusetts General Hospital, will be looking at brain implant devices that can both monitor and electrically stimulate the brain.

    The goals of the program are an extension of a White House initiative announced by President Obama to explore the human brain. That project, known as BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies), announced by Obama last year, directed Congress to earmark $100 million in 2014 to "better understand how we think and how we learn and how we remember."

    Brain implants capable of stimulating neurons are already in use for patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease and other neural conditions, NPR reported. What DARPA proposes in its new pilot program, however, represents significant advances in implant technology.

    If successful, DARPA’s research could help tackle a significant issue within the US veteran community. According to the Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), PSTD is currently believed to be experienced by 11-20 percent of vets of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars (Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom).

    By comparison, the VA says that a staggering 30 percent of Vietnam veterans are suspected of having suffered from or still being treated for PTSD.

    read on:

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    Post  Brook Thu May 29, 2014 10:12 am

    Forget Robots. We’ll Soon Be Fusing Technology With Living Matter

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    Post  mudra Fri Apr 03, 2015 8:16 am

    Yahoo News Claims These 9 “Body Improvement” Technologies Will Be Inside You Soon

    A scary article from SkyNet Yahoo News was published this week detailing the 9 technologies that “will” be in your body soon?  Pretty creepy, we think – how about you?

    Yahoo writes:

    Given the frenzy of interest following the announcement of the Apple Watch, you might think wearables will be the next really important shift in technology.

    Wearables will have their moment in the sun, but they’re simply a transition technology.

    Technology will move from existing outside our bodies to residing inside us.

    That’s the next big frontier.

    Here are nine signs that implantable tech is here now, growing rapidly, and that it will be part of your life (and your body) in the near future.


    Sure, we’re virtual connected to our phones 24/7 now, but what if we were actually connected to our phones?

    That’s already starting to happen.

    Last year, for instance, artist Anthony Antonellis had an RFID chip embedded in his arm that could store and transfer art to his handheld smartphone.

    Researchers are experimenting with embedded sensors that turn human bone into living speakers.

    Other scientists are working on eye implants that let an image be captured with a blink and transmitted to any local storage (such as that arm-borne RFID chip).

    But what takes the place of the screen if the phone is inside you? Techs at Autodesk are experimenting with a system that can display images through artificial skin.

    Or the images may appear in your eye implants.


    Right now, patients are using cyber-implants that tie directly to smartphone apps to monitor and treat diseases.

    A new bionic pancreas being tested at America’s Boston University, for instance, has a tiny sensor on an implantable needle that talks directly to a smartphone app to monitor blood-sugar levels for diabetics.

    Scientists in London are developing swallowable capsule-sized circuits that monitor fat levels in obese patients and generate genetic material that makes them feel “full”.

    It has potential as an alternative to current surgery or other invasive ways to handle gross obesity.

    Dozens of other medical issues from heart murmurs to anxiety have implant/phone initiatives under way.


    Implantables won’t just communicate with your phone; they’ll chat up your doctor, too.

    In a project named Proteus, after the eensy body-navigating vessel in the film Fantastic Voyage, a British research team is developing cyber-pills with microprocessors in them that can text doctors directly from inside your body.

    The pills can share (literally) inside info to help doctors know if you are taking your medication properly and if it is having the desired effect.

    - See more at:

    - See more at:

    - See more at:

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