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    'Glass Donuts' found on the Moon and what they reveal


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    Join date : 2011-02-28
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    'Glass Donuts' found on the Moon and what they reveal Empty 'Glass Donuts' found on the Moon and what they reveal

    Post  Sanicle Mon Dec 26, 2011 12:16 am

    I found this written as a comment on a link that Brook posted on the 'Crap Files' thread and was fascinated by the information in here. So I thought I'd post it here as it contains so much information that appears to be well-researched, although the link given to the site it comes from is no longer available. A link to the source of much of his/her research is still available however and is a great read also ( ). I hope the commenter - Five - doesn't mind me re-posting this here.

    Submitted by Five on Fri, 08/21/2009 - 08:01.

    12-21-12 is indeed a very interesting date to consider-in astronomy.

    2012- A Cosmic Event?

    there is some very interesting cosmology presented here, but bear in mind, this information is purely scientific with very little spiritual perspective.
    Not In My Galaxy!

    Dr Paul La Violette of the Starburst Academy:



    I know I had a difficult time coping with this topic, both emotionally and spiritually. I can't say that I have perfected the right "attitude"about what the future holds. To be honest, I think I always held backfrom accepting the facts. I had hope. But this new evidence forces me to open my eyes and soul to setting my life in order. I hope it will do the same for you.

    Although "doomsday" is frequently linked with the Mayan calendar, this is just coincidental. December 12, 2012 is a significant day in ASTRONOMY because of a number of important events that will impact our Sun. It would be a "doomsday" even if we never knew about the Mayan calendar.

    Yet, the more we understand this ancient civilization andappreciate their knowledge of astronomy, we must assume they knew this date to be auspicious. So let's just talk about <astronomy> here. There's alot of information. I'll try to make it easy to understand.

    Glazed donuts on the Moon

    Let'sbegin back in the 1960s with the Apollo 11 manned landing on the moon.On one of their EVA's (extra-vehicular activities), the astronauts photographed and took samples from some small craters, about 20cm to1.5 meters across. When they examined the floors of these craters they noticed what looked like glazed donuts.

    These were actually chunks of moon dirt that were coated by glass. The glazed areas are clearly concentrated toward the top surfaces ofprotuberances, although they exist also on some sides. Points and edge sappear to be strongly favored for the glazing process. In some cases,droplets appear to have run down an inclined surface for a few millimeters and congealed there.

    [1] Hardly anyone in the general public was made aware of this discovery and, even if they were, they could hardly have realized the significance. But in 1969, an article in Science by T.Gold [1] proposed a theory of how they were made. Glass, as we know, is made from melting sand. It occurs natually near sources of high temperature, such as volcanos and meteor impacts. The atom bomb tests in New Mexico's White Sands area produced a small "lake" of glass at ground zero. So it was never a question about the lunar glass alsohaving been created by something very hot. The fact that the glaze was confined to small patches, 0.5 to10mm, suggested to scientists that the surface had been zapped rather than slow-cooked.

    And the likely source of this zap was our Sun.

    Gold estimated that the solar luminosity would have had to increase by 100times what it is normally, for a duration of from 10 to 100 seconds. Also, because of the lack of debris or dirt covering thisglass, it must have occurred within the last 30,000 years. This made Gold propose that the Sun -- our Sun -- does this every 10,000 years or more.

    He suggested that future research should look for a "trigger" event -- possibly a large comet or asteroid impacting the surface of the Sun. He estimated this would only have to be 100 km and weigh 3 x 1021 grams.

    Decades passed and this theory didn't receive much attention. Then, as it often does, the theory got a fresh look by a genius, Dr. Paul LaViolette.

    He was not satisfied with the source of the glass being caused by a solar blast, mainly because the output would have had to be on the scale of a nova, not just a flare. He envisioned another possibility. LaViolette envisioned a large solar flare or coronal mass ejection(CME) that would become magnetically entrapped in the Earth's magnetosphere

    [2]. The magnetosphere would then hold on to this fireball of radiation like a magnetic thermos bottle, allowing the Moon and Earth to be exposed for a duration of time long enough to really"flash bake" their surfaces. Critics quickly denounced LaViolette's theory citing evidence of"cosmic dust" and rare elements in the lunar glass and concluding thatthe heat source was from a meteor impact.

    [3] But LaViolette proposed that this cosmic dust was likely present on the surface of the Moon during the time it was melted into the glass. In fact, he proposed that the entire solar system was full of this cosmic dust at the time of this solar eruption. He was vindicated when polar ice cores showed unusual cosmic dust deposits at strata marking the end of the last ice age

    [4]. This time period, about 12,950 BCE, approximates the current age of the Moon glass. So where did all this cosmic dust come from? Like Earth, our entire solar system has its own atmosphere, called the heliopause.This "bubble" surrounds the Sun and planets as it travels through galactic space. Like our earth's magnetosphere, the movement of theheliopause creates a rounded "head" and a narrowing "tail." Actually,it's more egg shaped.

    Until recently, astronomers believed that our solar system was a region relatively free from cosmic dust. The cosmic dust and frozen material of space were kept outside this protective bubble. This was confirmed when the IRAS and Ulysses spacecrafts showed infrared images of the solar system, surrounded by whispy clouds of cosmic dust that increase in density just beyond Saturn. So if the cosmic dust is surrounding the heliopause, what would make it suddenly enter the heliopause and how would this coincide with huge solar flares?

    LaViolette envisioned something disrupting the heliopause from the outside, impacting it and drawing cosmic dust inside with itand energizing the Sun. The energy of such an impact would be immense.The most logical place to look for such enormous energy was the MilkyWay Galaxy.

    The smoking gun-- Examining the shape of the cosmic dust clouds, the IRAS satellite team reportedthat the cloud was tilted relative to the solar system's ecliptic --the narrow plane containing our planets. LaViolette realized that this odd alignment tracked back to the Galactic center. This was quickly verified by NASA's Ulysses spacecraft and New Zealand's AMOR spaceradar observatory. Whatever caused the last ice age to end, the Sun to flare up and caused the glass to form on the Moon, came from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. The plot was getting more interesting. Astronomers have known about intense radiation from space since the 1970s.

    Multiple bursts of powerful gamma rays were routinely detected and believed to originate from stars in the Milky Way. Assuming this energy originated locally, astronomers concluded thistype of gamma ray burst was insignificant and harmless. Then, in December 1997, they had the technology and good luck to catch a strong gamma ray burst and track it. The source was not inside the Milky Way Galaxy. It was from a distant galaxy billions of light years away. Are view of other bursts showed that their assumptions had been wrong. All of the gamma ray bursts they were observing were from other galaxies far, far away. The amount of energy coming from objects so distant was a real shock.

    No one had ever imagined such powerful bursts could be generated by galactic centers. The thought of a burst coming from our own Milky Way galactic center was abysmal. A burst of the same intensity as the 1997 event, originating from inside the Milky Way,would deliver 100,000 time the lethal dose of radiation, killing everylife form that was exposed. Could that really happen to us?

    This question was answered on August 27th, 1998 when an unusual 5 minute gamma ray pulse was located just 20,000 lightyears away in the constellation of Aquila. This may sound like a huge distance, but to astronomers this is just "next door." The Milky WayGalaxy, for example, is just 100,000 light years from end to end.

    The 1998 event was close enough and strong enough to ionize Earth'supper atmosphere, damage a couple of spacecraft and disrupt global communication. Since then astronomers place gamma ray bursts from the Glaxy's core at the top of the list of things we don't want to happen.

    Before Aquila, scientists just feared exploding stars -- novas and supernovas. Now things are different. It's like living in a ghetto and fearing drive-by shootings and random bullets. Then one day you learnthat there's a nuclear bomb down the street, waiting to explode. Not in my galaxy! Ironically, all of these facts are incorporated in LaViolette's ~"superwave"~ theory.

    He concludes that there are cyclical and frequent explosions from the Galaxy's core. These waves of radiation advance outward to the edges of the Galaxy, impacting everything and causingstars to erupt in their path. He believes this is what has happenedmany times to our own solar system -- the most recent superwave ofradiation being 14,950 years ago. He envisions the shock wave -- or superwave -- dragging cosmic dust along with it as it enters the heliopause and energizes our Sun. Ice core samples support this view. Evidence of the effects from cosmic dust show at ice core strata corresponding to the years13,880 to 13,785 BCE.

    This evidence, along with the Moon glass, thepresence of cosmic dust and the abrupt and atypical end of the last iceage -- all point to an intimate relationship between extreme solaractivity and gama radiation from the Milky Way Galaxy's center. Something has changed ---

    More troubling is the suggestion by some scientists that this powerful radiation may not require a dramatic burst or explosion to cause eruptions in the Sun. Physicists at nearly a dozen researchinstitutions, including New York University, have discovered evidencefor very high energy gamma rays emitting from a narrow band at theequator of the Milky Way. These gamma ray levels mark the highest energies ever detected from the Galaxy. The gamma rays had a median energy of 3.5 trillion electron-volts, or 3500 times the mass-energy of a proton. Previous satellite experimentshave seen gamma-ray emissions along the galactic equator reaching up toenergies of only 30 billion electron-volts. Perhaps related to this is the puzzling fact that, even though we have witnessed no Galactic explosions or "bursts", the measurements of cosmic dust streaming inside the heliopause as been steadily increasing

    [6] to almost three times since the last solar maximum in 2001. During the solar maximum of each 11 year cycle, the polarity of the Sunshifts -- North becomes South and visa versa. This brief period ofmagnetic instability allows some cosmic dust to enter the heliopausebecause the Sun's "shields" are reduced. But once the new polarity isestablished, the Sun usually quickly blocks the dust. This time itdidn't happen. Cosmic dust has been streaming in from the Glacticcenter and astronomers are at aloss to explain why.

    It's likely that the solar system is already experiencing the invasive energy from the Galactic equator as we move into position and align with it on 2012.

    Yes, there's more! What will it be like when this happens to us? Perhaps the most dramatic evidence of what we can expect in 2012 comes from the most unlikely place -- ancient petroglyphs! Ancient rock carvings from around the globe, created during the last solar "zap" 14,950 years ago, seem to illustrate a spectacular event that happened when the Earth was last hit by extremely high radiation. This is a little difficult to explain, but I'll try. Viewed from the top, the aurora actually forms a luminous and electricallycharged cup (or chalice) shape extending into space from each pole. We are all familiar with the sparks that flash brightly when we discharge electrical current. Lightening is a good example. Extremelyhigh energy, called plasma, has been shown to form unique shapes when it is made to discharge -- especially around a sphere. The northernlights are an example of how this "spark" of plasma can form luminous,electrically charged sheets or tubes at the Earth's poles. The aurora, as it is called, occurs when mild energy from our Sun is trapped and dissipated by the Earth's magnetic poles.

    Extremely high energy -- the type that would have caused the Moon glass and zapped the Earth -- creates a more elaborate discharge. Physicists call it a z-pinch formation. The z-pinch has been extensively researched by a groupheaded by Anthony L. Peratt with the Los Alamos National Laboratory,Los Alamos, NM and is described in his paper, Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity Part II: Directionality and Source[5].In this paper, Dr. Peratt illustrates the shape and characteristics ofthis high energy discharge on the Earth and shows thousands ofpetroglyph sites all over the globe where this z-pinch was observed andrecorded in ancient carvings. The term z-pinchoriginates from experiments where physicists made extremely highcurrent to flow through thin wires that were arranged vertically in atubular formation. They noticed that the energy quickly vaporized thewires, but the magnetic field generated by these paths remained andcontained (or "pinched") the stream of energy, collapsing the streamsof energy toward the center of the tube-like configuration -- called the z-axis. When the streams of energy converge, they form uniqueshapes that persist and can be observed as Birkeland elements, named for their discoverer.auroral plasma column as viewed at an angle of inclination, not to scale. The relativistic electron flow is downwards toward Antarctica. The current bundle above Antarctica twists in counter-clockwise rotation. By convention, the Birkeland currents and ion flow is upwards toward the Arctic. Not yet completely resolved is a bend in the upper filament sheath that allows the upper plasmoids and column to be seen at northern latitudes.] If the Earth was zapped by high energy radiation, either from the Sunor the Galactic core, the planet would be surrounded with distinct lines of energy, converging at the North and South pole. These bands would continue to extend well out from the planet's poles and intospace and would be visible from almost every point on Earth -- each with its own unique perspective.

    Laboratory experiments with a metal sphere, representing Earth, show the "chalice" shape created by high energy paths [above].Oddly, repeated experiments show a preference for 56 "rays" or distinctbands of energy. This same number is often depicted in the ancientpetroglyphs! [Above (left): Northern hemisphere petroglyphs from the Columbia River Basin, 45.65ºN, 121.95ºW. Right: Oblique view into the auroral plasma column from these coordinates. Above (right): Nasca, Peru vase, date unknown (14.24ºS, 75.58ºW). Note the similarity to the northern hemisphere petroglyphs.] Recentglobal archiving of global petroglyphs have demonstrated that theseshapes were correctly recorded in rock carvings by humans who withnessed this event! [Above (left):White-striped pictographs at Iga Warta Cultural Tourism Centre, NorthFlinders Range (30.59ºS, 138.94ºE). Shown is Cliff Coulthard,Australian Department of Environment and Planning in AboriginalHeritage, an authority on pictograph painting techniques havinganalyzed such works as the Magdalenian cave art in France. Above (right): LightningBrothers, Ingaladdi, Victoria River, Wardaman country of the NorthernTerritory (15ºS, 130ºE). New dating techniques of this red inorganic-pigmented pictograph image were done using a plasma-chemicalextraction method and correspond to the era of the z-pinch.] When researchers went to various petroglyph sites that contained thez-pinch artifacts they carefully plotted the GPS location and noted ifthe ancient artist had a clear view of the Southern horizon. Almost all of the sites had this view. mygalaxy!

    The number and extent of these global petroglyph sites clearly demonstrate the purpose of this art. Also,depending on the latitude, depictions of the z-pinch corresponded to the exact perspective that would have been expected. Some examples of z-pinch petroglyphs are shown here. We highly recommend reading the complete article. We especially thank teammember, John McGovern, for bringing this important work to ourattention. So what do we know for sure? The recent data shows that dramatic and potentially deadly effects canresult from solar flares and coronal mass ejections.

    Substantial data suggests that an event, similar to the one anticipated in the 2012"doomsday" scenario, occurred about 14,950 years ago and was recorded by ancient humans. This event appears to have lasted for several years in duration and was responsible for the abrupt end of the last ice ageas well as a substantial culling of the human population.

    The surprising findings of LaViolette, supported by other research,suggests that the extreme solar event corresponded to powerful radiation coming from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy and was associated with gamma rays and cosmic dust. Recent observations have shown a dramatic increase in gamma ray energy in the Glaxy's equator which will be in maximum alignment with our solar system on December12, 2012. The past records in ice cores (strata from 13,880 to 13,785BCE) suggest that intense radiation from this last event could have lasted many years. It seems highly likely that this alignment willcause another extreme solar event since other factors precipitating a"solar maximum" (i.e. the opposition of major planetary barycenters) also converge on this exact date. The fact that galactic centers routinely radiate lethal gamma rays makes it unlikely that life, at least as we understand it, can survive in the universe. Sooner or later it is destined to be zapped. A new genetic study of Y-chromosome variation by Dr. Marcus Feldman ofStanford University shows that the population from which the world'spresent population is derived consisted of about 2,000 individuals. Somehow, humans, flora and fauna did survive the past doomsday and somemay yet survive past 2012.

    Indeed, many of the ancient prophecies I have encountered in my travels around the world have spoken of a"bright light" or "flash" followed by the "good seed" (i.e. humanity)which would rise up and repopulate the world.[7] Organisms on Earth, including humans, have evolved during quiet times-- between the lethal blasts from our own Milky Way center. This means that we are indeed quite unique (and lucky). But it also means that our ultimate demise is part of the natural order. This universe is larger than ourselves and our lives. We are just transient phenomena,seemingly running counter to the laws of entropy, yet a part of the cosmic reality. This is neither good or bad. It simply is. And yet there is part of us that may continue.

    Doomsday Part 1 || Viewzone Magazine References [1] Gold, T. "Apollo II Observations of a Remarkable Glazing Phenomenon on the Lunar Surface." Science 165 (1969):1345. [2] Excerpt from Paul LaViolette's 1983 Ph.D. dissertation, "Galactic Explosions, Cosmic Dust Invasions, and Climate Change." [3] Morgan, Laul, Ganapathy, and Anders (1971 Morgan, J. W., Laul, J.C., Ganapathy, R., and Anders, E. "Glazed Lunar Rocks: Origin byImpact." Science 172(1971):556 [4] Zook, H. A., Hartung, J. B., and Storzer, D. "Solar Flare Activity: Evidence for Large Scale Changes in the Past." Icarus 32(1977):106 [5]Anthony L. Peratt, Fellow, IEEE, John McGovern, Alfred H. Qoyawayma,Life Member, IEEE, Marinus Anthony Van der Sluijs, and Mathias G.Peratt, Member, IEEE, "Characteristics for the Occurrence of aHigh-Current Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity Part II:Directionality and Source," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol.35, NO. 4, August 2007. [6] Markus Landgraf, Max Plank Institute. [7] -also- -also- See also Mega Fauna Extinction (1.6mb pdf file) dr, paul, laviolette publicado por california a las 03:39 · 1 Comentario · Recomendar Comentarios (1) · Enviar comentario

    This not necessarily a doomsday for mankind....but perhaps an evolutionary event scenario. This is why it has been depicted by the ancients in glyphs all over the far the most epic even...and happening in our lifetime?

    Relevant website:

    Posts : 31956
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    'Glass Donuts' found on the Moon and what they reveal Empty Re: 'Glass Donuts' found on the Moon and what they reveal

    Post  Carol Mon Dec 26, 2011 8:56 pm

    This tends to tie into what is posted here.

    'Glass Donuts' found on the Moon and what they reveal Arcratercomplex

    Ken Johnston, who worked for NASA's Lunar Receiving Laboratory during the Apollo missions, says he was fired for telling the truth. He joined George Knapp to share his contention that NASA knows there is evidence for both modern and ancient artifacts on the moon, as well as an active base there. He explained that in his position as Photo Control Dept. manager, he had access to highly detailed film and negatives taken during the Apollo missions. In viewing 16mm film shot by Apollo 14, they saw a shadow cast in the bottom of a crater, "and as we approached it, in the dark area there were like five domes lit from the inside, and a little plume that looked like steam streaking up above it," Johnston said.

    There are also Apollo pictures that show perfectly round holes, which he's concluded are vents rather than craters because they don't have ridges. Photos taken during the Apollo 15 mission show beams stretching across the surface that expose some of the lunar substructure, Johnston noted, adding that during seismic experiments the moon would ring like a bell, possibly indicating it was hollow. One of the more striking anomalous photos was taken by a Russian lunar orbiter which showed a fractured dome on the moon's surface, he commented. Another image (see below) taken by the Lunik 13 Russian craft, looks like a drilling device and definitely appears artificial, he continued.

    Johnston also talked about some of his early UFO contact experiences, where he was told he would become an ambassador between humans and ETs. He believes there is a group of ETs called the Watchers that keep tabs on humanity. Interestingly, he learned that Apollo astronauts were warned off by beings at one of the craters, and told not to return to the moon, and subsequently NASA scrapped the rest of its planned Apollo missions.


    What is life?
    It is the flash of a firefly in the night, the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset.

    With deepest respect ~ Aloha & Mahalo, Carol

    Posts : 31956
    Join date : 2010-04-07
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    'Glass Donuts' found on the Moon and what they reveal Empty Re: 'Glass Donuts' found on the Moon and what they reveal

    Post  Carol Mon Dec 26, 2011 9:19 pm

    Mirror from revillusi0nz -
    NEW Ancient Mayan artifacts found!!!

    Nassim Haramein & Klaus Dona. Ancient artifacts with pictures of ufos and wormholes,stargates in operation. (Fullscreen great view) 11.06.11 Congresshalle Saarbrücken


    Klaus Dona : The Hidden History of the Human Race (March 2010)

    Mayan Secrets to Be Revealed by Mexican Government in '2012' Doc

    NASA Photos of Giant UFOs Around the Sun

    What is life?
    It is the flash of a firefly in the night, the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset.

    With deepest respect ~ Aloha & Mahalo, Carol

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