Hi good folks,
I am untarnished - and looking forward to Courgette talk
Hi Nazirite, welcome.Nazirite wrote:Thanks for the warm welcome folks.
I lurk in various places around the web and, in particular the Graham Hancock MB - which led me to an interesting topic about agricultural practices at Tiwanaku (Bolivia).
Exract from Wiki:
The area around Tiwanaku may have been inhabited as early as 1500 BC as a small agriculturally-based village. Most research, though, is based around the Tiwanaku IV and V periods between AD 300 and AD 1000, during which Tiwanaku grew significantly in power. During the time period between 300 BC and AD 300 Tiwanaku is thought to have been a moral and cosmological center to which many people made pilgrimages. The ideas of cosmological prestige are the precursors to Tiwanaku's powerful empire.
Tiwanaku’s location between the lake and dry highlands provided key resources of fish, wild birds, plants, and herding grounds for camelidae, particularly llamas. The Titicaca Basin is the most productive environment in the area with predictable and abundant rainfall, which the Tiwanaku culture learned to harness and use in their farming. As one goes further east, the Altiplano is an area of very dry arid land. The high altitude Titicaca Basin required the development of a distinctive farming technique known as "flooded-raised field" agriculture (suka kollus). They comprised a significant percentage of the agriculture in the region, along with irrigated fields, pasture, terraced fields and qochas (artificial ponds) farming. Artificially raised planting mounds are separated by shallow canals filled with water. The canals supply moisture for growing crops, but they also absorb heat from solar radiation during the day. This heat is gradually emitted during the bitterly cold nights that often produce frost, endemic to the region, providing thermal insulation. Traces of landscape management were also found in the Llanos de Moxos region (Amazonian food plains of the Moxos). Over time, the canals also were used to farm edible fish, and the resulting canal sludge was dredged for fertilizer. The fields grew to cover nearly the entire surface of the lake and although they were not uniform in size or shape, all had the same primary function.
Though labor-intensive suka kollus produce impressive yields. While traditional agriculture in the region typically yields 2.4 metric tons of potatoes per hectare, and modern agriculture (with artificial fertilizers and pesticides) yields about 14.5 metric tons per hectare, suka kollu agriculture yields an average of 21 tons per hectare.
Sounds like something I would like to know more about
Tiwanaku, besides being an large city, contained several large temples which were surrounded by a moat, creating a miniature lake with the temple complex as as island. The central temple, called the Akapana, was constructed in a series of seven tiers, to resemble the nearby peaks. Tiwanaku engineers plumbed the Akapana with drains so that when the annual rains arrived, water would thunder through it. "It was a way of renewing the earth and maintaining the circulatory system of the universe," says Alan Kolata, a University of Chicago archaeologist, who thinks the Tiwanaka probably celebrated fertility ceremonies and other rites while water roared through their mountain-temple
Nazirite wrote:Thanks for the link, much appreciated Mudra.
Peru and the Andes/Pacific coast has had an increasing pull for my attention for the last few months - the more I learn the more the attraction. Unfortunately I don't think I will ever get there.
Nazirite wrote:You have a knack for choosing the right info Mudra