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    Here comes the SUN.

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    Post  Carol on Thu Dec 16, 2010 9:19 am

    IS THE SUN EMITTING A MYSTERY PARTICLE
    When probing the deepest reaches of the Cosmos or magnifying our understanding of the quantum world, a whole host of mysteries present themselves. This is to be expected when pushing our knowledge of the Universe to the limit.

    But what if a well-known -- and apparently constant -- characteristic of matter starts behaving mysteriously?

    This is exactly what has been noticed in recent years; the decay rates of radioactive elements are changing. This is especially mysterious as we are talking about elements with "constant" decay rates -- these values aren't supposed to change. School textbooks teach us this from an early age.


    WATCH VIDEO: A solar eruption sends a wave of plasma hurtling towards Earth on Aug. 1, 2010. The event was captured by NASA satellites.
    This is the conclusion that researchers from Stanford and Purdue University have arrived at, but the only explanation they have is even weirder than the phenomenon itself: The sun might be emitting a previously unknown particle that is meddling with the decay rates of matter. Or, at the very least, we are seeing some new physics.

    Many fields of science depend on measuring constant decay rates. For example, to accurately date ancient artifacts, archaeologists measure the quantity of carbon-14 found inside organic samples at dig sites. This is a technique known as carbon dating.

    Carbon-14 has a very defined half-life of 5730 years; i.e. it takes 5,730 years for half of a sample of carbon-14 to radioactively decay into stable nitrogen-14. Through spectroscopic analysis of the ancient organic sample, by finding out what proportion of carbon-14 remains, we can accurately calculate how old it is.

    But as you can see, carbon dating makes one huge assumption: radioactive decay rates remain constant and always have been constant. If this new finding is proven to be correct, even if the impact is small, it will throw the science community into a spin.

    Interestingly, researchers at Purdue first noticed something awry when they were using radioactive samples for random number generation. Each decay event occurs randomly (hence the white noise you'd hear from a Geiger counter), so radioactive samples provide a non-biased random number generator.

    However, when they compared their measurements with other scientists' work, the values of the published decay rates were not the same. In fact, after further research they found that not only were they not constant, but they'd vary with the seasons. Decay rates would slightly decrease during the summer and increase during the winter.

    continued at link: http://news.discovery.com/space/is-the-sun-emitting-a-mystery-particle.html

    Mysteriously, Solar Activity Found to Influence Behavior of Radioactive Materials On Earth
    Given what we know about radioactivity and solar neutrinos, this should not happen. It's so bizarre that a couple scientists at Stanford and Purdue universities believe there's a chance that a previously unknown solar particle is behind it all.
    The big news, according to Stanford's news service, is that the core of the sun -- where nuclear reactions produce neutrinos -- spins more slowly than the surface. This phenomenon might explain changing rates of radioactive decay scientists observed at two separate labs. But it does not explain why the decay-change happens. That violates the laws of physics as we know them.
    While examining data on radioactive isotopes, Purdue researchers found disagreement in measured decay rates, which goes against the long-accepted belief that these rates are constant. While searching for an explanation, the scientists came across other research that noted seasonal variation in these decay rates. Apparently radioactivity is stronger in winter than in summer.
    continued at link: http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-08/strange-solar-particles-might-be-affecting-earths-radioactive-materials-scientists-say


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    Post  Carol on Thu Dec 16, 2010 9:23 am



    Last edited by Carol on Sat Dec 18, 2010 3:19 pm; edited 1 time in total


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    Post  mudra on Thu Dec 16, 2010 3:24 pm

    16 DECEMBER 2010
    A Big Wobble Exclusive


    A new NASA Sphere has shown up on their latest official Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Video.
    The Sphere is invisible until a huge Solar Filament erupts and exposes the Sphere!
    This latest astonishing discovery must finally disperse all claims that these Spheres are camera artifacts and pixilation, they must be physical objects, without doubt.

    Watch the increbible video Here

    Solar Prominence Eruption
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jciUYQHa6-0&feature=player_embedded


    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Orby

    Everything you wanted to know about NASA Spheres:

    http://bigwobblenews.blogspot.com/2010/10/everything-you-wanted-to-know-about.html

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    Post  Floyd on Thu Dec 16, 2010 6:02 pm




    Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy

    Here Comes the Sun Indeed
    Carol
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    Post  Carol on Fri Dec 17, 2010 10:26 pm

    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Lightdawnson

    Gamma-ray bursts are among the most energetic events in the Universe, but some appear curiously faint in visible light. The biggest study of these dark gamma-ray bursts to date, using the GROND instrument on the 2.2-metre MPG/ESO telescope at La Silla in Chile, has found that these gigantic explosions, while puzzling, don't require exotic explanations. Their faintness is now fully explained by a combination of causes with the most important being the presence of dust between the Earth and the explosion.

    (PhysOrg.com) -- Gamma-ray bursts are among the most energetic events in the Universe, but some appear curiously faint in visible light. The biggest study to date of these so-called dark gamma-ray bursts, using the GROND instrument on the 2.2-metre MPG/ESO telescope at La Silla in Chile, has found that these gigantic explosions don’t require exotic explanations. Their faintness is now fully explained by a combination of causes, the most important of which is the presence of dust between the Earth and the explosion.

    Light dawns on dark gamma-ray bursts (w/ Video)
    Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), fleeting events that last from less than a second to several minutes, are detected by orbiting observatories that can pick up their high energy radiation. Thirteen years ago, however, astronomers discovered a longer-lasting stream of less energetic radiation coming from these violent outbursts, which can last for weeks or even years after the initial explosion. Astronomers call this the burst's afterglow.

    While all gamma-ray bursts have afterglows that give off X-rays, only about half of them were found to give off visible light, with the rest remaining mysteriously dark. Some astronomers suspected that these dark afterglows could be examples of a whole new class of gamma-ray bursts, while others thought that they might all be at very great distances. Previous studies had suggested that obscuring dust between the burst and us might also explain why they were so dim.

    Studying afterglows is vital to further our understanding of the objects that become gamma-ray bursts and what they tell us about star formation in the early Universe," says the study's lead author Jochen Greiner from the Max-Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching bei München, Germany.

    NASA launched the Swift satellite at the end of 2004. From its orbit above the Earth's atmosphere it can detect gamma-ray bursts and immediately relay their positions to other observatories so that the afterglows could be studied. In the new study, astronomers combined Swift data with new observations made using GROND — a dedicated gamma-ray burst follow-up observation instrument, which is attached to the 2.2-metre MPG/ESO telescope at La Silla in Chile. In doing so, astronomers have conclusively solved the puzzle of the missing optical afterglow.

    What makes GROND exciting for the study of afterglows is its very fast response time — it can observe a burst within minutes of an alert coming from Swift using a special system called the Rapid Response Mode — and its ability to observe simultaneously through seven filters covering both the visible and near-infrared parts of the spectrum.
    By combining GROND data taken through these seven filters with Swift observations, astronomers were able to accurately determine the amount of light emitted by the afterglow at widely differing wavelengths, all the way from high energy X-rays to the near-infrared. The astronomers used this information to directly measure the amount of obscuring dust that the light passed through en route to Earth. Previously, astronomers had to rely on rough estimates of the dust content.
    The team used a range of data, including their own measurements from GROND, in addition to observations made by other large telescopes including the ESO Very Large Telescope, to estimate the distances to nearly all of the bursts in their sample. While they found that a significant proportion of bursts are dimmed to about 60


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    Post  anomalous cowherd on Sat Dec 18, 2010 2:48 pm

    EMVs,( electro magnetic vehicles) The objects near the surface of the sun, stopping massive coronal ejections, harvesting suns energies, powered by souls? also making rings on saturn? James Horak:
    http://www.om-page.de/EMVs.html#P3
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    Post  Carol on Sun Dec 19, 2010 4:10 pm

    This is from 2005 and interesting given some of the more updated data.

    Earth’s Core ‘Mysteriously’ Shifts Causing near Simultaneous Antipodal Earthquakes in Central America, South America and Indonesia
    Russian scientists are reporting that the Earth’s core has experienced a mysterious ‘shifting’, as yet for unexplained reasons, but has caused near simultaneous earthquakes in both the countries of Indonesia and its antipodal counterparts of Panama, Venezuela and Nicaragua.

    United States Space Agency NASA stated; "NASA scientists using data from the Indonesian earthquake calculated it affected Earth's rotation, decreased the length of day, slightly changed the planet's shape, and shifted the North Pole by centimeters. The earthquake that created the huge tsunami also changed the Earth's rotation." When North Becomes South: New Clues to Earth's Magnetic Flip-Flops

    Our planet's magnetic field reverses about once every 200,000 years on average. However, the time between reversals is highly variable. The last time Earth's magnetic field flipped was 780,000 years ago, according to the geologic record of Earth's polarity. It is not a matter of whether it will happen, but when.

    Next time Earth's magnetic field flips, compass needles will point South instead of North. But scientists can't say when it will occur, and until now they've disagreed on how long the transitions take.

    A new study pins down how long it took for the last four reversals to play out. It also finds that the dramatic turnarounds occur more quickly nearer the equator than at higher latitudes closer to the poles.

    That means folks living during the next reversal -- which some scientists speculate might be underway -- will see compasses change and behave differently in different locations.

    It is generally accepted that during a reversal, the geomagnetic field decreases to about 10 percent of its full polarity value," Clement said. "After the field has weakened, the directions undergo a nearly 180 degree change, and then the field strengthens in the opposite polarity direction. The magnetic field lines extend out beyond Earth's atmosphere and provide the first line of defense against strong solar storms.

    Earth's Magnetic Field Is Fading

    Earth's geodynamo creates a magnetic field that shields most of the habited parts of our planet from charged particles that come mostly from the sun. The field deflects the speeding particles toward Earth's Poles.

    Without our planet's magnetic field, Earth would be subjected to more cosmic radiation. The increase could knock out power grids, scramble the communications systems on spacecraft, temporarily widen atmospheric ozone holes, and generate more aurora activity.

    Cracks in Earth's Defenses Let Space Storms In

    Earth's magnetic field emanates from the poles and extends beyond the atmosphere and past the highest Earth-orbiting satellites.

    Earth's natural defenses are routinely compromised by huge cracks that open up for hours, allowing space storms to pour through like a hurricane through an open window.

    The magnetic field absorbs the brunt of a solar storm, which is a huge cloud of charged particles, ions and electrons. The Sun constantly spits out a "wind" of these particles. During intense activity, it can shoot a coronal mass ejection (CME) our way. A CME -- the most damaging sort of solar storm -- is to the solar wind what a hurricane is to a summer breeze.

    Magnetic Storms Rip Through Earth's Magnetosphere

    A magnetic storm produces about a million megawatts of electricity, enough to power the United States. the Sun regularly sends massive solar explosions of radiative plasma with the intensity of a billion megaton bombs hurtling through the solar system. The travel time for the solar wind from the Sun to the Earth is two to four days.

    The Sun's corona can rip open and spew as much as 20 billion tons of material into space -- equivalent to the mass of 200,000 cruise ships. These explosions are known as coronal mass ejections (CMEs), the hurricanes of space weather.

    When a CME ploughs into the solar wind, it can create a shock wave that accelerates particles to dangerously high energies. Behind that shock wave, the CME expands into a huge cloud that engulfs planets in its path with plasma.

    The solar wind pushes and stretches Earth's protective magnetic field into a vast, comet-shaped region called the magnetosphere. The magnetosphere and Earth's atmosphere protect us from the solar wind and other solar and cosmic radiations.

    Luckily for us, few CMEs are aimed at the Earth. If a CME erupts on the side of the Sun facing us, the results around Earth can be spectacular and sometimes hazardous.

    At the speed of light, flashes of X-rays and ultraviolet rays from the Sun arrive at the Earth in 8 minutes. Hitting the atmosphere they cause disturbances in the ionosphere, which reflects radio signals. Changes in the ionosphere can interrupt short-wave radio transmissions and cause errors in navigation systems.

    Also at a high speed, but following a curved path, solar protons and other energetic particles from the Sun reach the Earth in an hour or two. They can harm astronauts, damage spacecraft and if they reach the ground they can cause errors in computers.

    Gusts and shocks in the solar wind due to an eruption take a few days to reach the Earth. When they arrive, they buffet the Earth's magnetic shield, the magnetosphere, causing a magnetic storm, which makes compass needles wander. The varying magnetic field can provoke damaging surges of current in long metallic structures such as power lines and pipelines. The magnetic disturbances can also dump particles from space into the upper air, where they cause auroras.

    An average solar flare or CME releases, in two hours, enough energy to power the United States for 10,000 years.

    Magnetic storms occur when a CME hits Earth's magnetosphere.

    Magnetic storms;

    • Generate million amp electric currents that distort the magnetosphere and flow down into our upper atmosphere
    • Disturb the Van Allen radiation belts, which become filled with "killer electrons" that can pierce the skin of a satellite and the cells of an astronaut
    • Cause spectacular, widespread auroras, even at low latitudes
    • Damage power systems on Earth and interfere with broadcasting. Magnetic storms can pump extra electricity into our power lines and pipelines, causing blackouts and fuel leaks. In March 1989, a magnetic storm burned up a $36 million transformer in New Jersey and collapsed the entire power grid in Quebec, Canada, leaving six million people without electricity.

    In October 2003, huge bursts of plasma generated powerful electric fields, pushing Earth's outer atmosphere (plasmasphere), into interplanetary space. Without the plasmasphere in the safe zone, a new, intense radiation belt formed in the region.

    From Oct. 22 to Nov. 4, 2003, the Sun unleashed the most powerful solar flares ever detected, at least eight solar shocks reached Earth, severely disturbing its protective magnetic field and affecting orbiting spacecraft. All told, about 17 major flares erupted on the Sun during those two weeks, the result of energy building up in the Sun's magnetic field lines until they become strained enough to suddenly snap like an overstretched rubber band. The related coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are the largest explosions in the solar system, capable of launching up to 10 billion tons of electrified gas into space, normally at speeds of one to two million miles an hour. While we're protected by Earth's magnetosphere and atmosphere, power grids, radio and GPS signals, satellites, and astronauts in space are vulnerable. To call the Sun active in late October / early November is an understatement. Within a two-week period, the Sun released an unusually high number of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) into space, and experienced explosions many times more powerful than anything ever observed.

    Between January 15th and 20th 2005, a new sunspot that appeared on January 11th, unleashed two X-class solar flares, sparked auroras as far south as Arizona in the United States, and peppered the Moon with high-energy protons. On January 20th, 2005, a giant sunspot named "NOAA 720" exploded. The blast sparked an X-class solar flare, the most powerful kind, and hurled a billion-ton cloud of electrified gas (a "coronal mass ejection") into space. Solar protons accelerated to nearly light speed by the explosion reached the Earth-Moon system minutes after the flare--the beginning of a days-long "proton storm." The Jan. 20th proton storm was by some measures the biggest since 1989. It was particularly rich in high-speed protons packing more than 100 million electron volts (100 MeV) of energy. Here on Earth, no one suffered. Our planet's thick atmosphere and magnetic field protects us from protons and other forms of solar radiation. It almost happened again last month. On April 25, 2005, small sunspot emerged and--déjà vu--it grew many times wider than Earth in only 48 hours. This time, however, there were no eruptions.

    Note: X-class flares are big; they are major events that can trigger planet-wide radio blackouts and long-lasting radiation storms. M-class flares are medium-sized; they generally cause brief radio blackouts that affect Earth's polar regions. Minor radiation storms sometimes follow an M-class flare. Compared to X- and M-class events, C-class flares are small with few noticeable consequences here on Earth.

    Sunspots are areas of intense magnetic energy, cooler and darker than the surrounding surface of the thermonuclear furnace. Sometimes the magnetic fields let loose and huge amounts of radiation and charged particles are hurled into space.


    http://wtfdiam.stevenredhead.com/


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    Post  Carol on Sun Dec 19, 2010 5:17 pm



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    Post  Carol on Mon Dec 20, 2010 1:25 am

    Real-time Magnetosphere Simulation
    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Test_6.20101220072112

    http://www2.nict.go.jp/y/y223/simulation/realtime/


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    Post  mudra on Sun Dec 26, 2010 4:43 pm

    IS THE SUN EMITTING A MYSTERY PARTICLE?

    http://news.discovery.com/space/is-the-sun-emitting-a-mystery-particle.html

    When probing the deepest reaches of the Cosmos or magnifying our understanding of the quantum world, a whole host of mysteries present themselves. This is to be expected when pushing our knowledge of the Universe to the limit.

    But what if a well-known -- and apparently constant -- characteristic of matter starts behaving mysteriously?

    This is exactly what has been noticed in recent years; the decay rates of radioactive elements are changing. This is especially mysterious as we are talking about elements with "constant" decay rates -- these values aren't supposed to change. School textbooks teach us this from an early age.


    WATCH VIDEO: A solar eruption sends a wave of plasma hurtling towards Earth on Aug. 1, 2010. The event was captured by NASA satellites.
    This is the conclusion that researchers from Stanford and Purdue University have arrived at, but the only explanation they have is even weirder than the phenomenon itself: The sun might be emitting a previously unknown particle that is meddling with the decay rates of matter. Or, at the very least, we are seeing some new physics.

    Many fields of science depend on measuring constant decay rates. For example, to accurately date ancient artifacts, archaeologists measure the quantity of carbon-14 found inside organic samples at dig sites. This is a technique known as carbon dating.

    Carbon-14 has a very defined half-life of 5730 years; i.e. it takes 5,730 years for half of a sample of carbon-14 to radioactively decay into stable nitrogen-14. Through spectroscopic analysis of the ancient organic sample, by finding out what proportion of carbon-14 remains, we can accurately calculate how old it is.

    But as you can see, carbon dating makes one huge assumption: radioactive decay rates remain constant and always have been constant. If this new finding is proven to be correct, even if the impact is small, it will throw the science community into a spin.

    Interestingly, researchers at Purdue first noticed something awry when they were using radioactive samples for random number generation. Each decay event occurs randomly (hence the white noise you'd hear from a Geiger counter), so radioactive samples provide a non-biased random number generator.

    However, when they compared their measurements with other scientists' work, the values of the published decay rates were not the same. In fact, after further research they found that not only were they not constant, but they'd vary with the seasons. Decay rates would slightly decrease during the summer and increase during the winter.

    SLIDE SHOW: Seeing the Sun in a New Light, The First Solar Dynamics Observatory Images

    Experimental error and environmental conditions have all been ruled out -- the decay rates are changing throughout the year in a predictable pattern. And there seems to be only one answer.

    As the Earth is closer to the sun during the winter months in the Northern Hemisphere (our planet's orbit is slightly eccentric, or elongated), could the sun be influencing decay rates?

    In another moment of weirdness, Purdue nuclear engineer Jere Jenkins noticed an inexplicable drop in the decay rate of manganese-54 when he was testing it one night in 2006. It so happened that this drop occurred just over a day before a large flare erupted on the sun.

    Did the sun somehow communicate with the manganese-54 sample? If it did, something from the sun would have had to travel through the Earth (as the sample was on the far side of our planet from the sun at the time) unhindered.

    The sun link was made even stronger when Peter Sturrock, Stanford professor emeritus of applied physics, suggested that the Purdue scientists look for other recurring patterns in decay rates. As an expert of the inner workings of the sun, Sturrock had a hunch that solar neutrinos might hold the key to this mystery.

    Sure enough, the researchers noticed the decay rates vary repeatedly every 33 days -- a period of time that matches the rotational period of the core of the sun. The solar core is the source of solar neutrinos.

    It may all sound rather circumstantial, but these threads of evidence appear to lead to a common source of the radioactive decay rate variation. But there's a huge problem with speculation that solar neutrinos could impact decay rates on Earth: neutrinos aren't supposed to work like that.

    Neutrinos, born from the nuclear processes in the core of the sun, are ghostly particles. They can literally pass through the Earth unhindered as they so weakly interact. How could such a quantum welterweight have any measurable impact on radioactive samples in the lab?

    In short, nobody knows.

    If neutrinos are the culprits, it means we are falling terribly short of understanding the true nature of these subatomic particles. But if (and this is a big if) neutrinos aren't to blame, is the sun generating an as-yet-to-be- discovered particle?

    If either case is true, we'll have to go back and re-write those textbooks.

    Source: Stanford University: http://news.stanford.edu/news/2010/august/sun-082310.html

    see also :

    The Sun Influences the Decay of Radioactive Elements:
    http://news.softpedia.com/news/The-Sun-Influences-the-Decay-of-Radioactive-Elements-153704.shtml

    And:
    Mysteriously, Solar Activity Found to Influence Behavior of Radioactive Materials On Earth
    http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-08/strange-solar-particles-might-be-affecting-earths-radioactive-materials-scientists-say


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    Post  mudra on Sun Dec 26, 2010 4:52 pm

    NASA Aims to Plunge Car-Sized Probe Into the Sun
    By SPACE.com Staff

    02 September 2010


    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Nasa-spacecraft-aims-inside-sun-100902-02
    Solar Probe Plus

    NASA is developing an ambitious new mission to plunge a car-sized probe directly into the sun's atmosphere, boldly going where no spacecraft has gone before.

    The spacecraft, called Solar Probe Plus, is slated to launch no later than 2018, NASA announced Thursday.

    The space agency has picked the five science experiments to ride aboard the new sun-exploring spacecraft. The instruments include a solar wind particle detector, a 3-D camera, and a device to measure the sun's magnetic field, among other tools.

    Ads by Google Mulk Renewable EnergyManufacturer - CSP & PV Systems Turnkey Installers- CSP & PV System www.mulkre.com Radiation ProtectionRadishield shielding systems in Polyurethane, Silicone & Lead www.itw-mazel.co.uk Bang van Vallende Aandel?Leer Verdienen Van Dalende Markt Oefen Vandaag Met Gratis $100K Demo www.Markets.com/NL
    "This project allows humanity's ingenuity to go where no spacecraft has ever gone before," said NASA's Solar Probe Plus program scientist Lika Guhathakurta in a statement. "For the very first time, we'll be able to touch, taste and smell our sun."

    As Solar Probe Plus approaches the sun, it will face temperatures exceeding 2,550 degrees Fahrenheit (1,399 degrees Celsius) and powerful radiation blasts.

    The spacecraft is expected to take unprecedented, up-close view of our home star, enabling scientists to better understand, characterize and forecast the radiation environment for future space explorers, NASA officials said.

    read more : http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/nasa-spacecraft-aims-inside-sun-100902.html

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    Post  Mercuriel on Sun Dec 26, 2010 5:15 pm

    I had heard recently that They had to readjust the Periodic Table.

    http://articles.latimes.com/2010/dec/14/science/la-sci-1215-elements-20101215

    You all know what this means don't You ?

    The New Physics are finally upon Us. The System is moving up and soon nothing will be as It was...

    Man this is the Shiznit...

    cheers


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    Post  mudra on Sun Dec 26, 2010 5:24 pm

    Mercuriel wrote:I had heard recently that They had to readjust the Periodic Table.


    It used to be " Mind awareness " over matter but it's more and more moving into "HeartSpirit Consciousness " over matter . And that shifts everything dear Brother Cheerful

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    Post  Carol on Tue Dec 28, 2010 10:17 pm

    This is from Astral Walkers 2012 Equation Solved text.

    In 2007, the History Channel from FOXTEL had released series of documentaries that illustrate something extraordinary: extreme expansion of our Sun and that some of the elite NASA scientists have wild predictions about the next solar maximum in 2012. Of course on the end of each documentary they had to “explain” that there is no need for panic or concern since that is an event that will happen billion years in the future.

    The name of the American documentary television series was “The Universe” and has covered the latest scientific research conducted by NASA. The show features computer-generated imagery/computer graphics of astronomical objects in the universe and interviews with scientists who study in the fields of cosmology, astronomy, and astrophysics.”

    The focus was about the connection of the supermassive black hole (Sagittarius A*) with the rest of the galaxy, especially with our solar system. And finally, the evidence that Sgr A* exploded 26,000 years ago and that powerful burst of energy was released. In other words, a powerful energetic pulse created by explosion of Sgr A* started to travel away from the galactic centre 26,000 years ago, spreading towards the corners of the galaxy.

    Because of the distance, it took that long for the pulse to spread so far and to get so close to us because our solar system is on the very edge of the Milky Way some 26,000 light years away from the galactic center.

    Many documentaries of mentioned American television series had shown the expansion of our Sun in great detail. In order to show the public how that expansion is possible, NASA scientists had gone through extensive explanation of the most complex dynamics of our star, sunspots, CMEs, solar wind, solar min/max…and so much more just to tell us what the Sun is capable of doing if something alters its inner dynamic.

    NASA scientists were persistent to tell the viewers that our star is enormous source of heat and energy and that just one direct hit of 100 Tesla radiation Super Flare is capable of destroying our ozone layer and killing every living organism on the planet. Just ONE Super Flare, not to mention if Sun expands in size and goes through what is known as Red Giant Phase.

    APPENDIX B

    Our Sun is a type of star known as a Yellow Dwarf. “Yellow” because of the colour of the surface, and Dwarf because it’s small for a star. But from different perspective, it’s huge - since inside its boundaries you can fit 1000 Earths.

    The Sun is the Super Power of our solar system. It consists mostly from Helium and Hydrogen superheated into plasma that burns at millions of degrees. Inside the Sun, Hydrogen atoms are flanged together by immense pressure to form Helium atoms. In this fusion process, the resulting atoms are less massive than the ones that created them. The
    missing mass is given off as energy. Each second, inside the Sun, six hundred million tonnes of Hydrogen are fused into five hundred ninety five million tonnes of Helium. That five million tonnes of mass lost in the process, is
    converted into energy equal to one billion one megaton hydrogen bombs exploding in the same second. This happens every second inside the Sun. In other words the Sun is powered by nuclear fusion.

    It has a surface temperature of 10.000 degrees Fahrenheit and that generates 380 billion billion megawatts of Power. Nothing on Earth is capable of producing such amount of energy. The Hoover Dam in Nevada generates only 280 megawatts. We are talking about 380,000,000,000,000,000,000 megawatts of power – just in one second.

    From the latest data, we understand that the Sun had gone through 4 reset points. Our star is too small to go out in a bang. In other words it’s too small to erupt in Supernova. Stars the size of our Sun, do a peculiar thing. The hotter they get the cooler they get from inside.

    As the Sun’s hydrogen fuel starts to dissipate, our star will start to cool very fast and gradually it will collapse under the force of gravity. Energy from this collapse will start heating the core again to hundreds of millions of degrees. It will get so hot again that it will start to burn helium. Under the extra heat of the helium the Sun will expand into a monstrous plasma orb called a red giant. It will get so big that it will engulf the entire orbits of Mercury and Venus. It is due to happen during the next solar maximum in 2012.

    The Sun and the Earth have unique relationship between each other. Much of that is based on the ideal distance between our planet and the Sun. If the distance between the Earth and Sun increases the planet will become too hot and it will no longer be suitable for biological life forms but if the distance decreases the planet will become a frozen world. In other words, the distance of the Sun directly impacts the planet’s climate.

    As previously presented, in this moment Sun is burning Hydrogen into Helium but when it reaches a phase of maximal burning it will start to burn Helium into Carbon. That’s when things are getting hot inside the Sun. That is the point when Yellow Dwarf starts to expand and it becomes a Red Giant.

    When the Sun becomes a Red Giant it will grow at least 30 times its own size. It will swallow Mercury and Venus. The luminosity of the Sun will increase at least 1000 times. That’s going to make Earth so hot that the outer crust will start to melt. As the Sun gets closer its heat will boil the water in the oceans. Only some portion of the water will remain in the underground cavities. In the case of the Australia’s safe zone – the Triangle Area that I will speak of in my presentation, the unground water from the Great Artesian Basin will help sustain life in that
    area.

    The Sun will start expanding slowly.

    The Expansion Phase: The Hydrogen in the core of the star has all been used, and the fusion of hydrogen in a shell around the core starts. This makes the sun swell up: Its radius becomes about 40% larger and its luminosity twice as bright. In the process of becoming a Red Giant it will become much cooler but not for us. Despite the fact it will get cooler and the colour will change from Yellow to Red, it will still be incredibly hot and capable of evaporating all the oceans on the Earth in when it comes into the closest point. The boiling and the evaporating process will be complete in just few minutes.


    Water is essential for life. If the Earth loses all its water, organic life will disappear.

    As a Red Giant does, the Sun will fluctuate in size before it collapses into a White Dwarf.

    Mainstream science defines the last of the growing process of a star from the start until it reaches maximum size takes billions of years. In reality evidence showed that process of Yellow Dwarf star turning to Red Giant, releasing the outer layer and finally becoming a White Dwarf - can happen in few months time.

    The proof of that is everywhere in space.

    Take for example the Chi Cygni - a star similar to our Sun (but much bigger) that was observed going through Red Giant Phase in 2003. About 550 light-years from Earth, Chi Cygni has swollen in size to become a red giant and very large…Moreover, it has begun to pulse dramatically in and out, beating like a giant heart. New close-up photos of the surface of this distant star show its throbbing motions in unprecedented detail. Chi Cygni pulsated
    once every 408 days. At its smallest diameter of 300 million miles, it became mottled with brilliant spots as massive plumes of hot plasma roiled its surface.

    As it expands, Chi Cygni cools and dims, growing to a diameter of 480 million miles - large enough to engulf and cook our solar system's asteroid belt. This star behaviour clearly demonstrated Red Giant Phase and gives unbreakable proof that it does not take billion years for a star to grow drastically in size but just a period of months.

    If you like you can check the evidence on this link:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhMeu...layer_embedded


    Summarized, Chi Cygni is much larger than our Sun which has diameter of only 860,000 miles, and that is why it experienced such expansions and contractions. In our case, our precious star does not have the fuel or nuclear energy to manifest such behaviour, but it will go into a few months expansion phase. The culmination as mentioned before will result with releasing the outer layer into space.

    The Earth will be moved from its nominal orbit. As the Sun is swelling it also begins to lose its mass. It will lose mass more rapidly that its losing in this moment. The logic is simple – getting less massive means less hold or pull on the Earth. In other words, the planet will start to move further out into a larger orbit.

    It’s going to be a kind of race between growing Sun (growing heat from the star) and Earth moving little away from that fire that is getting too hot.

    For life to develop anywhere, carbon organics have to be present, water seems to be an essential ingredient. As mentioned before, it is very important for you to understand that Sun had gone through this same process 4 times. That is why ancient Mayas had era of the First Sun, Second Sun, Third Sun, Fourth Sun and now according to their Long Count Calendar we are living at the very end of the Fifth Sun. In fact only few really understood what Mayan
    Long Count Calendar actually is counting.

    When the Red Giant phase had reached its maximum and the extreme hit and solar storms had formatted almost everything in 3D realm in its near distance, the outer layer of the star is ejected into space distributing again all of the essential elements, including Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon, Phosphorus, Nitrogen etc. H2O forms again and life that survived the Event can go on. Everything starts from beginning again.

    Before I go on, I feel the need to show you at least one race that is creating so called crop circles. I believe most of you know what is depicted on the upper images. For you that don’t know I will try to simplify in few sentences. We made contact - with extraterrestrials that is - this is one of their responses. It all started in
    1974, before SETI (The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) was even formed (1984), but at the beginning of the Arecibo project. At this time, upgrading the Arecibo station in the US Territory of Puerto Rico was done with the help of Frank Drake and Carl Sagan. The most interesting experiment in 1974 with Arecibo however was it's 3 Terawatt narrowband transmission of a "human template" in the direction of the M13 globular star cluster which consists of 300,000 stars and is in the constellation of Hercules. The journey of the human template message from Arecibo would take 22,800 light years to reach Messierto receive a reply however.

    The human template, originally sent in 1974 by Arecibo is shown to the left. With the help of Richard C. Hoagland, in 1971 templates were added to United States spacecraft, but the human template transmission in 1974 was sent at the speed of light and in binary form. The blank space in the image represents a binary 0 and the solid blocks represent binary 1's.

    The Arecibo message included, among other things, the binary equivalent of the numbers 1- 10 showing a "base of 10" identifying our math system and a way to decipher the message. Below these numbers identified the most common atomic numbers in life that we knew at that time. We transmitted our atomic numbers for Hydrogen, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen and Phosphorus. We didn't stop there and added the molecular formulas for our human DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid).

    In 1974, we knew the estimated number of nucleotides in our DNA, and we transmitted those as well and you can also see our "Double Helix" DNA Strand. We also sent, as the human race, our average height, and a rough proportional representation of our bodies. The population of our planet earth, which in 1974 was estimated as 4.29 Billion Humans was also transmitted. For the source of the transmission, planet Earth, Arecibo, we sent our solar
    system identifying the third planet from the Sun - Earth - just under our feet. Also with the source was the Arecibo Telescope, with it's diameter.

    Expecting the transmission to take 22,800 Light Years might have been an exaggeration when, in reality it may reach life much earlier. In fact, the transmission has now travelled nearly 27 light years from Earth (156 trillion + miles) - towards M13, and has passed the distance of the closest star from our Sun which is 4.3 light years away. It takes only approximately 1 minute to reach Mars travelling at light speed for perspective, or 1.23 seconds to reach the moon.

    [/b]Response arrived at Chilbolton Telescope, England on August 13, 2001, and evening of
    August 18 or 19th. The transmission was received in the form of 2 crop glyphs next to the
    Chilbolton Radio Telescope run by the British Government in England.

    Extraterrestrial Atomic Numbers for Life - The atomic number for Silicon (14) is inserted
    in it's correct position in the list of atomic numbers for life, just before Phosphorus (15). This
    is an indication of intelligence and knowledge of the human periodic table.

    Extraterrestrial Molecular DNA Structure – Triple helix DNA functionality – they have
    more evolved biological hosts that humans have. The atomic number for Silicon depicted.
    This is an indication that their skin is more dolphin type and similar colour to dolphins.

    Extraterrestrial Body Grid Area - The extraterrestrial body equals 3.30 Feet, or 3 Feet 4
    inches which is compared to 5.78 feet for the human or 5 feet 9.5 inches. There are
    significant changes to the alien body visual representation. Extraterrestrial body is smaller,
    and the head is bigger.

    Extraterrestrial Solar System Changes – They live underground and underwater on Earth
    usually invisible to our perception, mostly on Mars and also on four moons of Jupiter.


    Extraterrestrial Population in 2001 - The binary number converted to decimal values
    12,742,213,502 or 12.74 Billion. From other sources at least one third lives on Earth,
    majority on Mars and the rest on bases on four moons of Jupiter. Is it not funny to search for
    other intelligent forms of life in the cosmos while we have them on the Earth and we share
    the planet with them and others that we start to become aware of? Anyway, just for the
    record in the original Arecibo message that was sent to space in 1974 there was a binary
    value of 4,292,853,750 or est 4.29 Billion in human Population of that same year. Today we
    have human population of 7 Billion.


    For further info refer to Pene Andov 2012: http://2012forum.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=15&t=20341&start=0
    or http://www.scribd.com/doc/37714816/2012-Equation-Solved

    ATTACHMENTS
    37714816-2012-Equation-Solved.pdf


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    It is the flash of a firefly in the night, the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset.

    With deepest respect ~ Aloha & Mahalo, Carol
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    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Empty Re: Here comes the SUN.

    Post  Carol on Wed Dec 29, 2010 2:49 pm

    Forecasters keep eye on looming 'Solar Max'
    Dec 28 10:21 PM US/Eastern

    The coming year will be an important one for space weather as the Sun pulls out of a trough of low activity and heads into a long-awaited and possibly destructive period of turbulence.
    Many people may be surprised to learn that the Sun, rather than burn with faultless consistency, goes through moments of calm and tempest.

    But two centuries of observing sunspots -- dark, relatively cool marks on the solar face linked to mighty magnetic forces -- have revealed that our star follows a roughly 11-year cycle of behaviour.

    The latest cycle began in 1996 and for reasons which are unclear has taken longer than expected to end.

    Now, though, there are more and more signs that the Sun is shaking off its torpor and building towards "Solar Max," or the cycle's climax, say experts.

    "The latest prediction looks at around midway 2013 as being the maximum phase of the solar cycle," said Joe Kunches of NASA's Space Weather Prediction Center.

    But there is a prolonged period of high activity, "more like a season, lasting about two and a half years," either side of the peak, he cautioned.

    At its angriest, the Sun can vomit forth tides of electromagnetic radiation and charged matter known as coronal mass ejections, or CMEs.

    This shock wave may take several days to reach Earth. When it arrives, it compresses the planet's protective magnetic field, releasing energy visible in high latitudes as shimmering auroras -- the famous Northern Lights and Southern Lights.

    But CMEs are not just pretty events.

    continued at link: http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=CNG.bdf9ddce1297325e1b97e06696026e73.111&show_article=1

    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Photo_1293592410290-1-1
    In 2011 the Sun will head into a long-awaited and possibly destructive period of turbulence
    http://www.breitbart.com/image.php?id=iafpCNG.bdf9ddce1297325e1b97e06696026e73.111p0&show_article=1&article_id=CNG.bdf9ddce1297325e1b97e06696026e73.111


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    It is the flash of a firefly in the night, the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset.

    With deepest respect ~ Aloha & Mahalo, Carol
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    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Empty Re: Here comes the SUN.

    Post  mudra on Mon Jan 03, 2011 12:10 pm

    Project Camelot interviews Patrick Geryl

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cd-cCeaKrOA&feature=player_embedded


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    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Empty Re: Here comes the SUN.

    Post  mudra on Mon Jan 03, 2011 7:38 pm

    Eruptions from the far side
    AGU 2010 Fall Meeting - Press Conference


    New observations of the Sun indicate that the search for the factors that play a role in the initiation and evolution of eruptive and explosive events, sought after for improved space-weather forecasting, requires knowledge of much, if not all, of the solar surface field. The combination of observations from two NASA missions, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) enable us to view much of the solar surface and atmosphere simultaneously and continuously for the first time. These near-global observations often show long-distance interactions between magnetic areas that exhibit flares, eruptions, and frequent minor forms of activity. These interactions were previously suspected, but have never been observed until now. We analyzed a series of flares, filament eruptions, coronal mass ejections, and related events which occurred on 1--2 August 2010. These events extended over a full hemisphere of the Sun, only two-thirds of which is visible from the Earth's perspective.

    Participants:
    Karel Schrijver
    Research Scientist, Lockheed Martin, Palo Alto, California, USA;
    Alan Title
    SDO AIA principal investigator, Professor of Physics, Stanford University and Senior Fellow, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Palo Alto, California, USA.
    Madhulika Guhathakurta
    SDO program scientist, NASA Headquarters, Washington DC, USA;
    Rodney Viereck
    Chief, Space Weather Services Branch, NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center, Boulder, Colorado, USA.


    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xrGIt1PDmoQ&feature=mfu_in_order&list=UL


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    Post  mudra on Thu Jan 13, 2011 9:27 am

    Changes in the Sun Change You

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3mgMbbNmeE&feature=related


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    Post  mudra on Sun Feb 13, 2011 4:39 pm

    A M6.6 solar flare occurred a few hours ago. This is the largest flare in this solar cycle.

    http://twitter.com/Camilla_SDO/statuses/36913165811851264

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    Post  mudra on Sun Feb 13, 2011 4:43 pm

    Staring Down the Barrel at Sunspot 1158

    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Sunspot-region-1158-13-feb-2011

    Do you like staring down the barrel of a gun? This is a fairly good analogy for what the Earth is facing at this moment, as sunspot region 1158 points directly at the planet.

    Dr. Tony Philips of spaceweather.com calls the region, “Behemoth”. “The active region is now more than 100,000 km wide with at least a dozen Earth-sized dark cores scattered beneath its unstable magnetic canopy. Earth-directed eruptions are likely in the hours ahead.”

    The NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center has issued an X-Ray Flux Alert measuring R2 on the NOAA space weather scale.

    Translation: Limited blackout of HF radio communication on sunlit side, and degradation of low-frequency navigation signals.
    Further Translation: Not that big of a threat to you and I, at the moment.

    Given the dramatic size of the sunspot region, and even though the current progression of solar cycle 24 is lower than originally forecast, nearly any given sunspot region, even this one, could still pose a threat to our way of life.

    The Carrington event of 1859 should always serve as a reminder of our high-tech vulnerability to a large eruptive radiation event from our neighbor, 93 million miles away.

    We’re ‘sitting ducks’ so to speak, over the next few days, and will be again at some point in the near future as sunspots rise and sink into the conveyor region of the sun.

    This region is only shooting C-class flares at this time, and all looks safe so far.

    We haven’t kept records of such events like the Carrington event long enough to know how often they happen. All we can do is watch the show, and be reasonably prepared to make it through life should we lose the conveniences of modern technology for a time.

    http://modernsurvivalblog.com/solar-cycle/staring-down-the-barrel-at-sunspot-1158/

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    Post  mudra on Sun Feb 13, 2011 4:52 pm

    Two Huge Holes in the Sun Spotted

    February 13


    Japanese scientists have spotted two huge holes on the sun's magnetic field, and it appears there is some reason to be concerned about.

    The holes, called coronal holes, are gateways for solar material and gas to spill out into space, according to space.com. The gaps in the sun's magnetic field make a hole through its atmosphere, letting gas out, NASA has said.

    Two huge holes were in the Sun were found by a Japanese group recently. This picture shows the far side of the Sun based on high resolution STEREO data.

    The new finding was made by Japan's Hinode sun-watching satellite which has been observing sun since 2006. "Japan's Hinode sun-watching satellite photographed the sun's two coronal holes on Feb. 1. In the image, one coronal hole appears near the top center of the sun while another one – a polar coronal hole – is visible near the bottom of the view", space.com said in an article.

    Probably time is finally taking a toll on the benevolent star, which has been toiling hard for millennia!

    Read more: http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/111860/20110213/sun-holes-nasa-space-coronal-hinode.htm#ixzz1DskjTXqz

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    Post  mudra on Tue Feb 15, 2011 4:20 am

    FIRST X-FLARE OF THE NEW SOLAR CYCLE: Sunspot 1158 has unleashed the strongest solar flare in more than four years. The eruption, which peaked at 0156 UT on Feb. 15th, registered X2 on the Richter scale of solar flares. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory recorded an intense flash of extreme ultraviolet radiation, circled below:


    X-flares are the strongest type of solar flare, and this is the first such eruption of new Solar Cycle 24. In addition to flashing Earth with UV radiation, the explosion also hurled a coronal mass ejection (CME) in our direction. The expanding cloud may be seen in this movie from NASA's STEREO-B spacecraft. Geomagnetic storms are possible when the CME arrives 36 to 48 hours hence. Stay tuned for updates.

    http://www.spaceweather.com/


    The Classification of X-ray Solar Flares
    or "Solar Flare Alphabet Soup"

    A solar flare is an explosion on the Sun that happens when energy stored in twisted magnetic fields (usually above sunspots) is suddenly released. Flares produce a burst of radiation across the electromagnetic spectrum, from radio waves to x-rays and gamma-rays. [more information]

    Scientists classify solar flares according to their x-ray brightness in the wavelength range 1 to 8 Angstroms. There are 3 categories: X-class flares are big; they are major events that can trigger planet-wide radio blackouts and long-lasting radiation storms. M-class flares are medium-sized; they can cause brief radio blackouts that affect Earth's polar regions. Minor radiation storms sometimes follow an M-class flare. Compared to X- and M-class events, C-class flares are small with few noticeable consequences here on Earth.

    This figure shows a series of solar flares detected by NOAA satellites in July 2000:

    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 Xrays

    Each category for x-ray flares has nine subdivisions ranging from, e.g., C1 to C9, M1 to M9, and X1 to X9. In this figure, the three indicated flares registered (from left to right) X2, M5, and X6. The X6 flare triggered a radiation storm around Earth nicknamed the Bastille Day event.

    Class
    Peak (W/m2)between 1 and 8 Angstroms
    B
    I < 10-6
    C
    10-6 < = I < 10-5
    M
    10-5 < = I < 10-4
    X
    I > = 10-4

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    Post  mudra on Tue Feb 15, 2011 11:26 am

    X-CLASS FLARE From Sunspot 1158 Headed Towards Earth!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H6uXrrnbbFk


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    Post  mudra on Tue Feb 15, 2011 12:17 pm

    X"2.2 CLASS CME EARTH DIRECTED" & MORE TO COME=SUN BURNED

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CIfz6M9BZ0k


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    Post  Carol on Wed Feb 16, 2011 9:24 am

    Here comes the SUN. - Page 2 B_COR2_beacon_lr
    Space Weather alert - An Earth directed solar plasma cloud
    PRESTO FROM SIDC - RWC BELGIUM Wed Feb 16 2011, 1337 UT

    Solar activity continues to be high from NOAA AR 1158 with two M flares (M1.0 flare peaking at 01:39 UT and M1.0 at 07:44 UT), plus several C-flares. This region is still growing and has potential for more M and probably X class flares. An eruption occurred in AR 1161 (around 02:00 UT) that lead to a CME directed towards the north which is not expected to arrive to the Earth. Geomagnetic conditions are quiet but are expected to be disturbed later tonight or tomorrow, by the arrival of the CMEs (3) that erupted in the previous three days. Since the last CME was faster than the previous two, they will most likely interact in interplanetary space and it is extremely difficult to give a good prediction of the geomagnetic consequences, but storms are expected.


    http://sidc.oma.be/


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    With deepest respect ~ Aloha & Mahalo, Carol

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